Chad

The focus of Switzerland's 2023–26 cooperation programme with Chad is on strengthening responsible and representative institutions, and promoting high-quality basic services in health and education. Other work involves promoting the development of sustainable markets and improving food security, and strengthening the resilience of the population to climate change. 

Map of Chad
© FDFA

Chad is a priority country for Switzerland's bilateral development cooperation. The country has had one of the lowest Human Development Index scores for many years. State institutions including administration, education and health are poorly developed. Regional and global challenges, such as armed extremist groups, refugee flows, especially from Sudan (Darfur conflict since 2003, fighting in 2023), and the growing impact of climate change, further hinder the country's development. The death of long-standing ruler Idriss Déby Itno in 2021 ushered in a period of change that has yet to bear fruit.

One focus of the 2023–26 cooperation programme is on supporting the political transition.. Furthermore, Switzerland will continue to support Chad in developing climate-resilient economic systems and practices. Another key aspect is the expansion of high-quality basic services such as education, health and access to water. 

State institutions and civil society

Switzerland's cooperation programme supports the implementation of the reforms to be achieved through the political transition.

By involving key actors (women, youth, media, defence and security forces), Switzerland contributes to preventing violence, reducing tensions and conflicts and strengthening the capacities of the state.

The programme supports the establishment of institutions that are to play their role in the new system of government after the transition and implement the processes and reforms that have been initiated. Switzerland contributes to strengthening the capacities of elected representatives, public services and citizens at the local level, with the aim of giving the people's representatives more opportunities to respond to the needs of the population. In turn, citizens gain better access to reliable information and participate in public debate and decision-making processes, and women actively participate in conflict prevention and resolution mechanisms.

Good governance

Qualitative services

Through policy dialogue, institution building and learning from local experiences, Switzerland contributes to strengthening the capacity of systems strained by demographic challenges to organise and deliver basic social governmental and non-governmental services.

In the education sector, the aim is to raise the quality of basic education for girls and boys. This entails implementing the reform agenda, seeking better coordination between sector actors, training teachers, promoting innovation in teaching methods, and facilitating access to basic education for vulnerable groups through adapted arrangements for teaching and learning.

Through its support, Switzerland promotes the accountability of public health services at all levels and helps to improve knowledge about water resources, in order to foster better planning and use.

Health – a prerequisite for development

Basic education and vocational skills development

Water

Developing sustainable markets and improving food security

Switzerland supports the agricultural and livestock sectors and the development of appropriate inclusive market systems. This will improve the population's adaptive capacity with regard to climate change, provide access to extension and advisory services, increase production and create economic opportunities and decent jobs, especially for women and young people.

The programme helps to open up opportunities for vulnerable population groups to generate additional income and improve their living conditions. It offers measures for better management and use of water and soil, increased soil fertility and better access to productive resources. In addition, it encourages the development of employment opportunities by improving vocational training and adapting it to the needs of the market and the expectations of young people.

In the event of a food crisis, the programme will contribute to food and nutritional assistance for vulnerable households.

Agriculture and food security

Cross-cutting themes

Equality and governance 

Switzerland works to achieve gender equality, paying particular attention to boosting women's participation in the public sphere and political leadership. From an economic perspective, there is a focus on the promotion of female entrepreneurs and improving the integration of women within selected value chains. Special attention continues to be paid to girls' education and retention in the school system.

In an uncertain political environment and in the face of weakening social cohesion, Switzerland's support for increased accountability of public authorities and inclusive participation of civil society in public policy remains key. This support is provided at local and national level, but also at regional level in the regions where Swiss development cooperation programmes are implemented.

Gender equality

Climate change and the environment

Approach and partners

Switzerland's activities in Chad are carried out through the instruments of development cooperation, humanitarian aid and peacebuilding. Switzerland's 2023–26 cooperation programme provides the basis for more in-depth support for the transition process under way in Chad. Going forward, cooperation with UN organisations in particular will be strengthened and the partner base broadened. Furthermore, cooperation with the still largely undeveloped private sector is of great importance to achieve sustainable development results. 

Current Projects

Object 1 – 12 of 20

Production des Connaissances et Appui Institutionnel pour une gestion intégrée des Ressources en Eau au Tchad - ResEau

01.06.2024 - 31.05.2028

Le Tchad subit fortement les effets du changement climatique avec des pluviométries aléatoires. Le sous-sol du Tchad dispose d’un important potentiel en eau. Faute de compétences nationales, ces ressources en eau restent très peu mobilisées. La DDC renforce, à travers ce projet, les compétences et les connaissances nationales pour favoriser une gestion durable de ces ressources et contribue ainsi à la résilience du Tchad face aux changements climatiques.


Direct action Chad WASH Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)

01.04.2024 - 31.12.2024

Chad hosts over 565’000 refugees from the recent crisis in Sudan, adding to the 595’000 refugees already residing in the country. Acces to safe drinking water is one of the biggest challenges for the Humanitarian actors. SDC provides material to Médécins sans frontiers. for analysing potential water sources and distributing the drinking water obtained. Two SHA experts will introduce the material during a short mission to Chad.


Additional Allocation of SDC Funding (Sub-Saharan Africa Division) in 2024 to ICRC Operations in Sudan

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.


2024 Additional allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans (NHF)

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

The war in Sudan entered its second year. Sudan is facing a major humanitarian catastrophe. The conflict also affected neighbouring countries, in particular Chad and South Sudan who are already struggling with a dire humanitarian situation that pre-existed before the conflict broke out. The consequences of the war exacerbated the acute food insecurity situation in those countries. With additional funding, SDC reinforces WFP’s emergency response to deliver life-saving food and nutrition assistance in Sudan, Chad and South Sudan.


Tchad-FAO, Assistance aux politiques

08.12.2023 - 31.12.2024

La Feuille de route nationale sur les systèmes alimentaires, la Loi d’orientation agro-sylvo-pastorale et halieutique et la politique semencière sont des documents stratégiques sectorielles importants dans la projection de la politique du gouvernement dont la DDC a contribué à leur élaboration. En soutenant l’élaboration des textes d’application et l’appui au processus d’adoption desdits textes, la Suisse contribue aux réformes diverses permettant d’accélérer les transformations souhaitées pour améliorer les systèmes alimentaires.


Tchad-IOM, Contr. (SUD) 2023

04.12.2023 - 15.06.2024

This contribution aims at supporting IOM’s response to the needs of Chadian returnees having fled Sudan. IOM’s emergency response supports the returnees’ households through a nexus approach, which combines emergency humanitarian assistance (shelter, NFIs, etc,) and livelihood support to reduce their dependency on humanitarian assistance, therefore contributing to local and more sustainable development.


Tchad-CACH-SODEFIKA

01.12.2023 - 30.11.2027

L’arachide, le sésame et le karité présentent des potentiels de diversification de la production agricole durable et de création d’emplois pour les exploitations familiales (surtout pour les femmes et les jeunes). En soutenant le développement de ces filières à travers l’approche de développement des systèmes de marché, la Suisse contribuera à la création de richesses, à la réduction de la vulnérabilité des ménages ruraux et des inégalités hommes et femmes. 


Tchad-OIM-Stabilisation des commu_KBB

01.12.2023 - 01.01.2025

Les multiples crises au Tchad ont affectè les conditions de vie des populations, surtout de la bande sahèlienne, peu soutenues par les acteurs humanitaires et du dèveloppement. A travers ce projet d’amèlioration de l’accés aux services sociaux de base et des moyens de subsistance, la Suisse contribue à la stabilisation des communautès, surtout des jeunes des provinces du Kanem, du Bahr-El-Gazal et du Batha, rèduisant ainsi la migration irrègulière depuis le Sahel tchadien. 


SUD, NRC Emergency Responses 2023

01.06.2023 - 30.11.2024

Millions of people in Sudan are facing critical shortages of food, water, sanitation, shelter, non-food items, as well as access to basic education, psychosocial support and protection since the outbreak of fighting between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) on 15 April 2023. Based on its sectoral and technical areas of expertise, NRC therefore developed a multi-sectoral emergency response plan incl. multi-purpose cash, emergency shelter/ NFI, WASH, education assistance, and protection interventions


Chad, UNHCR Emerg. Response 2023

01.05.2023 - 31.12.2023

This contribution is a contribution to the Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan established in June 2023 in the aftermath of the outbreak of conflict in Sudan in April 2023. UNHCR’s emergency response focuses on supporting the Government of Chad to ensure access to territory to the people fleeing violence in Sudan, on providing protection and multisectorial assistance and on relocating refugees to existing camps and creating new camps at the request of the Government. 


Tchad - PADS, Appui aux districts sanitaires

01.04.2023 - 31.03.2027

Au Tchad, la faiblesse de la gouvernance du système de santé est une des causes de la situation sanitaire caractérisée par des indicateurs les plus faibles de l’Afrique subsaharienne. L’appui de la Suisse va contribuer à améliorer la qualité des prestations et l’offre des soins de santé dans les districts sanitaires des provinces du Batha et du Moyen Chari ainsi qu’au déploiement de la couverture santé universelle dans certaines provinces.


Contribution to UNHCR Programme Budget 2023-2024 (earmarked)

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2024

UNHCR is one of Switzerland’s key multilateral partners due to its unique mandate by the General Assembly of United Nations to provide protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, refugee returnees, and stateless persons. The strategic direction 2022-26 concretise the overall mandate of UNHCR for the upcoming years. Contributing to these directions allows Switzerland to achieve in particular the human development goal defined in the Dispatch to Parliament on International Cooperation for 2021-24.

Object 1 – 12 of 20