In Mozambique, Switzerland is working to improve access to high-quality basic services and to develop the economy, employment and incomes. It supports local projects, mainly in the northern provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. At the national level, it engages in political dialogue in order to fight poverty and promote political and economic transition.

Map of Mozambique

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. In 2020, almost 64% of its population lived below the poverty line and the national budget was still largely dependent on foreign aid. About 80% of the population depends on small-scale farming, which is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters. The consequences of the debt crisis in 2016, the two cyclones in 2019 and COVID-19, as well as armed conflicts in the north, pose further challenges to the country's development.

In order to effectively address these complex challenges, Switzerland's approach in Mozambique combines the instruments of development cooperation, humanitarian aid and peace policy. At the national level, Switzerland is committed to political dialogue and supports the government in its various institutional reforms. At the provincial and district level, it works with local communities, concentrating its aid in the north of the country.

The 2022–25 programme focuses on improving access to high-quality basic services and increasing employment and incomes. 

High-quality basic services

Institutions that guarantee services for everyone

Switzerland works to ensure access to basic services that meet the needs of the population. It supports local governments in their efforts to make budgeting and planning processes effective and inclusive, and encourages civil society to engage in dialogue with the authorities and to demand greater transparency and accountability.

In the areas of land rights and natural resource use and extraction, Switzerland strengthens collaboration between local government, civil society and the private sector. This encourages investment and allows the population to receive the legally prescribed share of the profits made in these areas.

The SDC is also strengthening the capacity of the Attorney General's Office to fight corruption and economic crime. In 2020, stolen heritage assets worth USD 95 million were recovered and returned.

As regards health services, over the past four years Swiss development and humanitarian interventions have provided approximately 90,000 people in the north of the country with new access to safe drinking water.

Good governance

Health – a prerequisite for development

Water – a vital resource under threat

Developing the economy, employment and incomes

Poverty reduction and inclusive economic growth

In order to absorb the country's growing young workforce, Switzerland focuses on the development of vocational skills adapted to market needs, particularly in areas that show promise for the future. It also supports small businesses in their efforts to strengthen value chains, in collaboration with the private sector, and promotes micro-financing. Thanks to Switzerland's contribution, over the past four years around 67,000 farmers (46% women) have benefited from improved access to market opportunities and have seen their incomes increase by a total of USD 18.5 million.

SECO complements the SDC's activities with technical advice to stimulate the national economy.

Private sector development and financial services

Transversal themes

Gender equality, good governance and strengthening civil society

Switzerland is committed to gender equality, integrating gender into each phase of its projects and through partnerships with organisations active and competent in the area of gender. In addition, all of its interventions take into account the principles of good governance, for example through policy dialogue. Switzerland's cooperation activities also help to strengthen civil society by fostering an environment that provides more space for expression and increased participation in institutional processes. 

Gender equality

Approach and partners

The 2022–25 programme is implemented by the SDC in close cooperation with SECO and the Peace and Human Rights Division.

Switzerland’s main partners in Mozambique include:

  • Swiss NGOs: Helvetas, Swisscontact, Solidar Suisse, Solidarmed, Terre des Hommes, Pestalozzi Foundation, etc.;
  • Ministries, provincial and district authorities;
  • Mozambican non-governmental and civil society organisations, e.g. Centro de Integridade Pública, Instituto de Estudios;
  • Multilateral partners: UNICEF, World Bank, WHO, UNFPA, UNDP;
  • International NGOs: e.g. Netherlands Development Organisation, Concern Universal;
  • Donor community (G19).

Current projects

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Decentralization for Inclusive Development

01.08.2019 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland played an important role in mediating the Maputo Peace Accord, ending 20 years of conflict between the Frelimo government and Renamo. As part of the negotiations, the country’s constitution was amended, so that provincial governors (and later district governments) will be elected instead of appointed. The intervention supports the decentralization reform through enhancing the quality, sustainable financing and accountability of services for approximately 1 million people in Northern Mozambique.

Accountability in Health & Agriculture

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

While governments have translated regional policies on Food Security and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) into national policies, these are poorly implemented and the public lacks capacities to act effectively upon them. The project will improve the accountability and gender responsiveness of public resource management and complement the ongoing Swiss funded projects in ensuring that policy/advocacy work developed at national, regional and global levels is disseminated and implemented by relevant SADC and governmental institutions.

SDC Education Fund

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

As part of its increased commitment for Education and of the implementation of SDC’s Education Strategy, the SDC launches an Education Fund in order to incentivize innovation and the application of new approaches in basic education/vocational skills development and through educational activities across sectors. Innovation can have a catalytic effect on the effectiveness of programmes in and through education. Education is a core enabler for sustainable development and is an important lever in Switzerland’s commitment to promote human and economic development, peace and stability. 

Civil Society for Social Cohesion

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2024

Lack of political pact on power sharing and misallocation of national resources generate exclusion and regional asymmetries intensifying potential conflict and fragility. The project to be implemented by three civil society organization will deepen social cohesion in the three conflict-volatile provinces in Northern Mozambique, promoting meaningful civic engagement of youth and women in political and socio-economic spaces and citizen centric accountable governance. It builds on Switzerland’s experience in contributing to a peaceful society, leaving no one behind, strengthening the social contract and by developing a joint future. 

Scaling Up Youth Employment in Agriculture Initiative

01.08.2018 - 31.10.2023

Education systems in Southern Africa do not prepare youth for work; they cannot access or create economic opportunities and ignore the available options. The project will scale up in Southern Africa a model already tested by Switzerland in Tanzania. It will improve (self)-employment of 20’000 young women and men in Zimbabwe and Zambia by strengthening their skills and matching them with existing job opportunities, thereby contributing to the implementation of youth policies in-country and regionally.

Anti-corruption and Accountability

01.07.2018 - 31.12.2023

Based on the relationship of trust between Switzerland and Mozambique and specific Swiss expertise and interest to tackle economic crime and recovery of assets the program will reduce corruption in Mozambique by strengthening the capacity of 1. Government institutions to effectively tackle corruption, economic crime and recover stolen assets 2. Civil society organizations to influence the public and the private sector for improved transparency and accountability.

Cultural Programme (CPM)

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2022

Ce programme s'appuie sur la richesse et le potentiel de la culture mozambicaine pour le développement humain. En soutenant les plateformes dédiées à la culture et aux arts, la DDC vise à contribuer au renforcement du capital social du pays. Le CP a trois composantes opérationnelles et se concentre sur le nord du pays, avec comme centre Cabo Delgado, avec une orientation communautaire - domaine où la DDC a été pionnière dans l'approche de la culture pour le développement - ainsi que sur la région de la capitale de Maputo et ses environs. La CP s’inscrit pleinement dans la stratégie pays de la DDC Mozambique 2017-2020.

Mozambique: Less illness thanks to better water supplies and sanitation

A villager in Niassa Province in northern Mozambique works a new handpump. She is surrounded by a group of people.

01.01.2018 - 30.06.2022

Many cases of illness in the poor region of northern Mozambique are caused by the poor condition of water supplies and sanitation.  The SDC is assisting the efforts of the local people and responsible authorities to improve the situation. Aim of the project: Better living conditions for half a million people – and less poverty.

Country/region Topic Period Budget

Health systems strengthening
Infectious desease

01.01.2018 - 30.06.2022

CHF  8’205’000

Advancing Land Use Rights

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2022

Competition for land in Mozambique is sharply increasing. Despite favourable land legislation for the protection of interests and rights of the local communities the concretization of these rights is still precarious. SDC’s program supports the realization of these community rights to land and its benefits through institutional development, strengthening dialogue and practical collaboration between local government, civil society and private sector in order to contribute to a more inclusive and sustainable development.

Health Promotion Cabo Delgado

01.04.2017 - 30.06.2022

Switzerland contributed to health promotion in Cabo Delgado Province in Northern Mozambique by supporting the retention of health promotion workers, strengthening community involvement and the public finance management. Phase 2 of the project builds up on this and newly address Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in order to improve access and quality in the provision of health and WASH services targeting the 23 rural health posts in  three districts of the Province that are serving a total population of 570’000 people.

Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.

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