Switzerland’s performance compared with other countries

Official development assistance (ODA) from member countries of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) totalled USD 224 billion in 2023, an increase of 1.8% in real terms over 2022. This represents the fifth consecutive record-breaking year-on-year increase in ODA. This increase is mainly due to aid to Ukraine, humanitarian aid and contributions to international organisations.

Humanitarian aid went up by 4.8% in 2023, reaching USD 25.9 billion. Contributions to the core budgets of international organisations rose by 4.0%, in part driven by contributions to the World Bank.

Aid to Ukraine amounted to over USD 20 billion, corresponding to almost 9% of DAC member countries' ODA.

Preliminary estimates put net ODA for the West Bank and the Gaza Strip at USD 1.4 billion in 2023, an increase of 12% over 2022.

Net bilateral ODA flows from DAC members to Africa stood at USD 42 billion, an increase of 2% in real terms compared to 2022.

ODA for refugee costs in donor countries fell by 6.2% year-on-year, amounting to USD 31 billion in 2023, which is 13.8% of the DAC member countries' total 2023 ODA (14.7% in 2022). For seven countries, these in-donor refugee costs represented over 25% of their ODA. Excluding these costs, ODA rose by 3.2% over 2022 in real terms.

Five countries exceeded the United Nations' ODA as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) target of 0.7%: Norway, Luxembourg, Sweden, Germany and Denmark. ODA by DAC member countries amounted to 0.37% of their combined GNI in 2023. The average country effort was 0.43%.

Switzerland's ODA/GNI ratio reached 0.6% in 2023, compared to 0.56% in 2022. Asylum costs represented 28% of Switzerland's ODA. Excluding asylum costs, Switzerland's ODA/GNI ratio stood at 0.43% in 2023 (0.4% in 2022).

Switzerland ranked 8th among all DAC member countries in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio. In 2023, Switzerland's ODA/GNI ratio was above the average of the DAC-EU countries' ODA/GNI ratio (0.52%). In terms of financial volume, the largest contributions came from the United States, followed by Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and France, with Switzerland ranking 11th in this regard.