Asia Central (Kirguizistán, Tayikistán, Uzbekistán)

En tres países de Asia Central, Kirguizistán, Tayikistán y Uzbekistán, los siguientes ejes temáticos son centrales en el compromiso de Suiza: agua, gobernanza y desarrollo económico sostenible. Suiza fomenta asimismo la adopción de medidas para mitigar los efectos del cambio climático y brinda apoyo a la cooperación regional. 

Mapa de la región Asia Central (Kirguistán, Tayikistán, Uzbekistán)
© DFAE

La región de Asia Central está compuesta por cinco países –Kazajstán, Kirguistán, Tayikistán, Turkmenistán y Uzbekistán– que lograron su independencia como resultado de la disolución de la Unión Soviética en 1991 y desde entonces evolucionaron de manera diferente. Sin embargo, deben aún hacer frente a desafíos de desarrollo similares, tales como el acceso limitado a procesos de toma de decisiones políticas y dificultades en el desarrollo de una economía diversificada. El cambio climático ejercerá asimismo una influencia determinante en la disponibilidad de recursos hídricos en la región. En Asia Central, Suiza se compromete por la paz, el bienestar y la cohesión social y brinda apoyo a proyectos destinados a mitigar los efectos del cambio climático. Su labor está orientada a los objetivos de desarrollo sostenible (ODS) de la Agenda 2030 de la ONU. 

Agua, infraestructura y cambio climático

Uso sostenible del valioso recurso

Suiza apoya a los países de Asia Central a adoptar medidas concertadas, basadas en enfoques científicos, destinadas a fomentar un uso sostenible, inclusivo y resiliente desde el punto de vista climático de sus escasos recursos hídricos. El objetivo es proteger a la población de las catástrofes naturales y facilitar su acceso al agua potable y a instalaciones de tratamiento de aguas residuales. Para ello, Suiza fomenta la planificación y el uso sostenibles de las cuencas hidrográficas y la firme aplicación del principio de gestión integrada de los recursos hídricos (GIRH) en la legislación nacional. Se promueve además la cooperación transfronteriza en el ámbito del agua y de la hidrodiplomacia.

El agua, un recurso vital amenazado

Gobernanza, derechos humanos y servicios públicos

Gobernanza inclusiva y responsable

El contexto nacional y político de los países de Asia Central presenta diferencias considerables. Suiza ofrece, por ello, una labor de apoyo en materia de gobernanza igualmente diversificada. En los tres países en los que interviene, Suiza ayuda a la población a que participe en la toma de decisiones políticas que le conciernen, conozca sus derechos y exprese sus opiniones. Además, Suiza respalda a las autoridades locales a fin de que realicen su trabajo de manera más eficiente y transparente y se compromete por las minorías étnicas y otros grupos de población especialmente vulnerables.

Abogacía y buena gobernanza

Desarrollo económico sostenible

Empresas respetuosas con el medio ambiente y oportunidades para todos

La economía de Asia Central ha sufrido mucho los efectos de la Covid-19. Suiza ayuda a los países a que se recuperen y reconstruyan una economía resiliente e inclusiva. Promueve a tal efecto reformas que establezcan condiciones económicas más favorables, ayuda a las empresas a crear puestos de trabajo y se compromete por un sector financiero responsable, inclusivo y transparente. Asimismo, Suiza fomenta la formación de trabajadoras y trabajadores en áreas seleccionadas, pertinentes para el mercado laboral.

Desarrollo del sector privado y servicios financieros

La educación básica y la formación profesional

Enfoque y socios

Suiza apoya las continuas reformas en Asia Central desde comienzos de los años 90 y coordina estrechamente sus actividades con contrapartes implicadas. 

La estrategia de cooperación 2022-2025 se aplica conjuntamente por la Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación (COSUDE) y la Secretaría de Estado de Economía (SECO).

Algunos socios importantes de Suiza en Asia Central son:

  • Organizaciones no gubernamentales locales e internacionales
  • Organizaciones multilaterales, p. ej. PNUD, instituciones financieras de desarrollo (BERD, BAsD), instituciones de Bretton Woods
  • Organizaciones de la sociedad civil
  • Socios nacionales del sector público y privado

Enlaces

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 25

Central Asia Arts and Culture Programme 2.0. (CAACP 2.0.)

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2027

The objective of the Central Asia Arts and Culture Programme (CAACP) is to foster the further development of a vibrant and open art and culture scene that contributes to preserving freedom of expression and enhancing social cohesion in the region. The CAACP offers cultural institutions and artists opportunities to create a platform that enables people, including left-behind groups, to address issues affecting their lives and contribute to positive social change.


Green Economy and Sustainable Private Sector Development

01.06.2023 - 31.05.2026

Project supports transition towards green economy, in particular in tourism and agriculture sectors. With the generous financial support provided by the Swiss and German Governments as well as the European Union (joined for the first time as co-donor), international implementing agency (GIZ) will address challenges in above sectors through improved policy framework in green economy and practices. Transforming economy towards sustainability will also create new and decent jobs.


Climate-sensitive Water Resources Management in Central Asia

01.06.2023 - 31.05.2027

The Climate Sensitive Water Resources Management in Central Asia project strengthens national and regional organisations responsible for water resource management in Central Asia to implement climate-sensitive integrated water resources management in a regionally coordinated manner. Switzerland will contribute to this initiative which is designed in the frame of the German led, GIZ implemented Green Central Asia High-Level Platform. 


Rural Communities’ Disaster Risks and Climate Change Resilience (Phase 2)

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2027

In the natural disasters prone Kyrgyzstan, most vulnerable are the rural communities. Within its periodic Country Strategic Plans, the UN World Food Programme strengthens their disaster risk reduction capacities and climate change resilience. Switzerland has been successfully supporting these endeavours in 2022, supporting resilience and food security of the most vulnerable communities and extends the support to the same direction for 2023-2027.


Improving Community Resilience through Sustainable Livelihoods in the Rasht Valley, Tajikistan

01.12.2022 - 30.11.2027

The contribution to the Aga Khan Foundation project aims at improving the resilience of livelihoods of the remote rural communities of Rasht valley, vulnerable to climate change. The local population will get equitable access to water and sanitation and childcare services. The population and particularly women will get income generation opportunities and engage in management, regeneration and protection of their natural resources while adopting disaster risk reduction measures and practices.


Contribution to non-state local governance actors

15.11.2022 - 31.12.2026

The project is a contribution to and a strategic partnership with the Coalition of three major non-state actors in the promotion and strengthening of local governance in Kyrgyzstan. They will be financially and technically capacitated and empowered to play their role in advancing local democracy and local governance for the benefit of people in Kyrgyzstan. The partnership builds on over 10 years of Swiss support in local governance in Kyrgyzstan as well as on ownership by the government.


Water Use Permits in Kyrgyzstan (WUP KG)

01.09.2022 - 30.06.2028

Excessive water use leads to the depletion and pollution of this vital resource. In a significant paradigm shift, the Kyrgyz authorities are planning to enhance the protection of water resources by promoting a rational use through strong regulatory functions. Switzerland is partnering with the Kyrgyz authorities in the establishment and the institutionalization of such functions, by supporting the introduction of a water use permitting system that will enable a proper supervision of quantity and quality parameters.


Effective management and prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases

01.07.2022 - 30.06.2026

Kyrgyzstan faces an increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases and there are significant gaps in the health system to manage them. The Primary Health Care system should deliver equitable care and prevent hospitalizations with non-communicable diseases’ complications. The project contributes to Improve health and quality of life of the rural population through replicating the model of primary health care strengthening and promoting healthy behaviour among people in southern regions and two big cities.


«Bai Alai» Small Business and Income Creation in Alai and Chon-Alai

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2024

Alai and Chon Alai are two of the poorest regions in Kyrgyzstan. The project aims at increasing economic inclusion of producing households through increased income and employment, with the focus on women and youth. During this exit phase (III) the project capitalizes and disseminates good practices in apiculture and cattle, and continues activities handicraft and tourism value chains, until phasing out in May 2024.


UNHCR – Solution Strategies for Education and Livelihood of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2026

As part of Switzerland’s commitment to financing sustainable solutions for Afghan refugees, the contribution to UNHCR in Pakistan aims at improving the education and livelihoods prospects of around 60’000 Afghan refugee youths in three provinces of Pakistan. It strengthens Switzerland’s pledge at the Global Refugee Forum 2019 scaling up its support to the inclusion of refugee children in education in line with “SDC’s Education Strategy.


Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Management

01.03.2022 - 28.02.2026

The project will allow people to use safe and affordable drinking water as well as equitable sanitation and hygiene thereby progressing towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 in Tajikistan. An integrated planning approach supports the building of the local and national capacities and strengthen the policy frameworks to enable sustainable Water Sanitation and Hygiene WASH services to the population of Eastern Khatlon and Gorno-Badakshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO).


Climate Resilient Integrated Water Resources Management in the Zarafshan River Basin in Uzbekistan

01.03.2022 - 30.04.2027

In Uzbekistan and across Central Asia, climate change has significant impacts on the availability of water resources. Building upon Switzerland’s engagement in the water sector reform in Uzbekistan, the program promotes climate resilient integrated water resources management in the Zarafshan River ZRB basin to enhance people’s livelihoods and to inform water sector reform processes and climate change policies at national and regional levels.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 25