Cáucaso meridional (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaiyán)

La cooperación suiza  a la transición en el Cáucaso meridional se centra en las necesidades y prioridades de los tres países asociados. Se centra en el desarrollo económico integrador y sostenible, unas instituciones democráticas eficaces así como la seguridad humana.

Mapa de la región del Cáucaso meridional

El Cáucaso meridional está marcado de diferentes conflictos y tensiones territoriales no resueltos. La región es como un corredor de transporte de los suministros de energía a Europa de considerable importancia geopolítica y estratégica, pero las tensiones en curso ponen en peligro la seguridad de las personas y constituyen un obstáculo para el desarrollo económico y social. Gracias a su larga experiencia en la región, Suiza es considerada como un socio de confianza para acompañar la transición política e económica de estas antiguas repúblicas soviéticas.

Suiza está comprometida con el fortalecimiento de la cooperación entre los países en las zonas menos sensibles políticamente de interés común, como el comercio de productos agrícolas y la adaptación al cambio climático.

Desarrollo económico integrador y sostenible

El desarrollo económico del sector agrícola es una prioridad en la región, para garantizar los ingresos de la población rural.

Las pequeñas explotaciones de subsistencia rurales se integran en las cadenas de valor agrícolas. Esto permite tanto a los agricultores como a las pequeñas y medianas empresas, a acceder a los mercados nacionales y regionales para vender sus productos y les proporciona acceso  a los servicios financieros (por ejemplo para contraer créditos), servicios de asesoramiento personalizado y formaciones profesionales para poner al día sus conocimientos.

Agricultura y seguridad alimentaria
La educación básica y la formación profesional

Desarrollo del sector privado y servicios financieros

Instituciones democráticas eficaces y seguridad humana

El buen funcionamiento de las instituciones democráticas, el cumplimiento de los derechos humanos y un medio ambiente seguro son condiciones indispensables para un desarrollo económico integrado y sostenible. Suiza se compromete a aumentar la eficacia de las instituciones gubernamentales. Se fortalece la capacidad de los gobiernos locales para poder ofrecer buenos servicios públicos y a nivel nacional en el manejo de las finanzas públicas. Suiza participa activamente  en los procesos de resolución de conflictos, promoviendo el diálogo entre las partes afectadas. Se implica finalmente en la gestión de los riesgos medioambientales, centrándose prioritariamente en el desarrollo sostenible de las regiones rurales y montañosas.

Reformas del Estado y de la economía
La fragilidad y la violencia obstaculizan la lucha contra la pobreza

Prevención de catástrofes, ayuda de emergencia reconstrucción y protección

Enfoque y socios

La participación de la COSUDE en el Cáucaso meridional se remonta a ayudar tras el devastador terremoto de 1988 en el norte de Armenia. En 1999, la Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación (COS
UDE) y la Secretaría de Estado de Economía (SECO) de una oficina de cooperación en la capital de Georgia, Tiflis. La ayuda humanitaria Suiza se ha retirado de la región en 2016, mientras que el compromiso con la cooperación al desarrollo y consolidación de la paz continúa. La estrategia de cooperación 2017-2020 se está aplicando en forma conjunta por la Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación (COSUDE), la División de Seguridad Humana (DSH) del DFAE y la Secretaría de Estado de Economía (SECO).

Principales contrapartes de Suiza en el Cáucaso meridional:

  • Contrapartes de desarrollo (GIZ, ADA)
  • Organizaciones no gubernamentales locales e internacionales
  • Organizaciones multilaterales, p. ej., PNUD, Banco Europeo de Inversiones (BEI), Instituciones de Bretton Woods
  • Organizaciones de la sociedad civil
  • Sector privado

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 19

Armenia: Early Recovery after Floods 2024 (Direct Action)

08.07.2024 - 31.12.2025

Heavy rainfall in May 2024 led to flooding in Northern Armenia, four casualties, temporary displacement of 2’400 persons and considerable damage on public and private infrastructure. A Rapid Response Team of Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit (SHA) assessed structural engineering (bridges, roads) damages. Based on that assessment, the proposed SHA Direct Action supports early recovery efforts in Armenia with pedestrian bridges, an event analysis and engineering advice.


Women’s Increased Leadership for Democracy in Georgia

01.04.2023 - 31.03.2027

To engage more women in Georgia’s political and public life, the WILD project will

(i) increase the political literacy and skills of 1’150 locally active women, their organizations and public servants;

(ii) sensitize 60 journalists, and 150 data producers and users on gender-related reporting;

(iii) contribute to development and adoption of gender-responsive laws and policies, benefitting some 38’350 public servants. The project will engage with men to foster behavioural change.


Resilience & Economic Recovery of Border Communities in Armenia REBCA

01.12.2022 - 31.07.2024

Armenia's positive socio-economic development in recent years has been plagued time and again by massive set-backs such as the COVID-19 pandemic, military conflicts and external economic shocks. A further escalation of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in September 2022 severely affected border communities, home of more than 90,000 people. A contribution to the World Food Programme (WFP) will provide immediate support for humanitarian assistance and economic recovery.


Modernization of Vocational Education and Training related to Agriculture in Georgia

01.09.2022 - 31.08.2025

Agricultural productivity and incomes are low in Georgia, which is largely due to obsolete knowledge and skills. The project contributes to introducing systemic changes in agriculture-related vocational education and extension services, increasing the role of private sector actors in planning and delivering vocational training. Rural youth, women and men, will thus be better trained and acquire more relevant skills; this will contribute to increasing their incomes and employment opportunities.


Sustainable Inclusive Growth in Mountainous Armenia (SIGMA)

01.06.2022 - 30.11.2026

Through an innovative intervention using the market systems development approach, SDC aims to generate additional income and decent jobs in rural mountainous areas of Armenia, where agriculture and tourism are the main source of income. Together with private and public stakeholders, at the local and national levels, the project will invest in selected value chains by promoting inclusive, climate smart, and sustainable economic growth in its first phase until end 2026.


GE Local Economic Dev LED, Inception

01.06.2022 - 30.11.2026

In order to address regional disparities in Georgia, this local economic development project will foster effective collaboration between local and national actors, including those from the public, private, and civil society sectors to develop market systems in specific value chains. The project builds on earlier major Swiss engagement to support decentralization, and will stimulate the generation of additional income and job opportunities, while promoting inclusive and sustainable growth in local communities. 


Market Alliances for Rural Development

01.05.2022 - 30.04.2026

A majority of rural inhabitants in Georgia rely on incomes from agriculture and the use of natural resources. The project where Switzerland contributes will strengthen their access to markets (sale, inputs). It will enable rural producers to enhance the quality and scale of production, improve resilience to changing climate, and access domestic and export markets, which will contribute to raising incomes, increasing inclusion and the quality of the living environment in rural areas.


Contribution to the Council of Europe Action Plan in Georgia - Democracy Starts in Schools

01.03.2022 - 31.12.2024

Good governance is key to achieving sustainable development and just and peaceful societies. Building on its expertise in governance and human rights, Switzerland will foster Georgia’s culture of democracy by supporting the implementation of the Council of Europe Action Plan 2020-2023. In particular, by equipping young people with democratic values, attitudes and skills at schools, they should become active and responsible citizens, ready to engage in local decision-making.


Improving National Animal Identificationand Traceability Systems (NAITS)

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2025

In Georgia, the livestock sector is dominated by small-scale subsistence farms, using common grazing and increasing the spread of diseases, which reduce productivity and farmers’ incomes. Switzerland has been supporting the authorities to introduce a digital system of animal identification and registration to improve health control since 2016. The system is operational, but further support is needed to ensure that it is effectively used and contributes to increasing competitiveness and farmers’ incomes.



Enhanced resilience of viticulture in Abkhazia

01.12.2021 - 30.11.2026

A vast area in Abkhazia was contaminated by the explosion of an ammunition warehouse in 2017. Clearance efforts supported by international experts are about to be completed, enabling the restoration of the land for agricultural purposes. Endemic grape varieties will be reintroduced fostering biodiversity and resistance to disease. Growers’ resilience to climatic and economic shocks will be enhanced by setting a sector association and training in advanced agricultural practices.


Modernizing VET in Agriculture in Armenia

01.12.2021 - 31.08.2025

While 37% of Armenia’s labour force is employed in agriculture, men and women do not earn sufficient income, incl. due to a lack of professional skills. This multi-stakeholder intervention, which includes a SDC contribution, further develops country-wide work-based learning education, strengthens specialized institutions and modernizes the regulatory framework, enabling professionals and graduates to acquire relevant qualification, find employment or establish their own businesses.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 19