Prevención de catástrofes, ayuda de emergencia reconstrucción y protección

En Sudán del Sur, la Ayuda humanitaria ha construido diversos puntos de suministro de agua para permitir que las comunidades locales tengan acceso al agua potable. © DDC

La prevención de catástrofes, la ayuda de emergencia y la reconstrucción son los tres campos de intervención de la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE. Corresponden, respectivamente, a un compromiso antes, durante y después de las crisis, los conflictos armados y las catástrofes.

La prevención designa el conjunto de las medidas previas adoptadas para proteger a la población y la infraestructura. Todos los proyectos y programas de la COSUDE fomentan la prevención de riesgos y la reducción de la vulnerabilidad, como parte del desarrollo sostenible. La ayuda de emergencia tiene por cometido principal salvar vidas y aliviar el sufrimiento en el momento álgido de una crisis. Dos tercios de los fondos gestionados por la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE se destinan a la ayuda de emergencia. Tras la emergencia y una vez que la situación se ha estabilizado, pueden comenzar los trabajos de reconstrucción y de rehabilitación. En situaciones de conflictos prolongados, el compromiso en estos tres campos de intervención puede ser simultáneo. 

La protección de la población es una de las cuatro prioridades temáticas de la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE, además de la reducción del riesgo de catástrofes, del agua, de las instalaciones sanitarias y de la violencia sexual y por motivos de género.

Reducción del riesgo de desastres

Los desastres naturales afectan tanto a los países ricos como a los pobres, pero las repercusiones varían en función del nivel de desarrollo.

Reconstrucción y rehabilitación

El propósito general de la reconstrucción y rehabilitación es el restablecimiento de las condiciones de vida de la población afectada.

Ayuda inmediata y ayuda de emergencia

La ayuda de emergencia de la Confederación, con sus expertos del Cuerpo Suizo de Ayuda humanitaria (CSA), interviene en crisis, conflictos y catástrofes a nivel mundial.

Protección

Los conflictos armados y los desastres naturales exponen a los supervivientes a riesgos de violencia física y psíquica.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 25 – 36 de 100

Strengthening spaces for the protection and participation of children affected by conflict and armed violence in Tumaco

01.11.2018 - 30.04.2020

After the sign of the peace agreement with the FARC, new dynamics of violence have raised in the territories. The expansion and reconfiguration of the non-state armed groups, post-demobilization armed groups, dissidents and other armed groups have increased the humanitarian impact, particularly in rural areas. The deterioration of humanitarian indicators since 2016 evidences the need to continue with the humanitarian response and the protection initiatives, particularly for vulnerable populations such as boys, girls, adolescents and youth as well as afro and indigenous communities.


Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Joint UN Project

01.09.2018 - 31.12.2022

High exposure to natural hazards coupled with insufficient technical, organizational, and financial capacities of BiH’s institutions and governments directly impede the country’s socio-economic development and increase population vulnerability. This Project, jointly implemented by five UN Agencies, will reduce the social and economic vulnerabilities of citizens and institutions affected by disasters and climate change by introducing and operationalizing an integrated model of disaster risk governance and livelihood enhancement starting with selected local municipalities.


ACTED Earthquake response in Chong-Alai region

01.07.2018 - 31.03.2019

To complement and complete the efforts supported by Switzerland in the immediate aftermath of earthquakes in remote Chong-Alai region in May 2017, the project's Phase 2 will provide shelter construction assistance to the remaining vulnerable earthquake-affected households that were unable to re-build their houses. The assistance will be in the form of distribution of construction materials to the remaining affected households and provision of technical assistance on affordable and replicable earthquake-safe construction techniques.


Projet de réponse d’urgence et de renforcement de la résilience des populations affectées par la crise alimentaire et pastorale de 2018 au Burkina Faso (PRACAP)

15.05.2018 - 31.07.2020

Au Burkina Faso, la baisse de 11% de la production agricole 2017/18 a entrainé environ 1 million de personnes dans une crise alimentaire. Cette situation est exacerbée par la crise pastorale et la dégradation du contexte sécuritaire, en particulier dans les régions du Sahel et du Centre Nord. Le Gouvernement a sollicité l’aide des partenaires pour une assistance aux personnes vulnérables et la Suisse y contribuera à travers la FAO et le PAM. 


UNICEF - RRM

01.05.2018 - 28.02.2019

La DDC par son appui financier au mécanisme de réponse rapide (RRM) dirigé par UNICEF participe à un financement rapide qui aide la communauté humanitaire à répondre aux activités d'urgencepermettant d'améliorer les conditions de vie des personnes vulnérables aiguës affectées par un choc humanitaire et la préservation de leur sécurité et dignité. Le RRM maintien une capacité de veille humanitaire, d'évaluation et de réponse rapide aux besoins urgents identifiés en biens non alimentaires et en eau et assainissement. 


Additional Contribution 2018 to WFP’s Emergency Response in Madagascar

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2018

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


TUR STL Facilitating the PRotection and Resilience of Syrian Refugees in Istanbul

01.10.2017 - 30.11.2019

Around 500'000 Syrian refugees in Istanbul are exposed to multiple social and protection risks. In December 2015, the national NGO Support-to-Life (STL) with partial SDC funding set up a community center in Küçükçekmece, a populous industrial city district.The center provides protection and social support, promotes linkages to the host community and referral to state services with an increased focus on women, children and youth among the refugees. 


IRQ Oxfam – Integrated WASH and Protection response to conflict affected communities in Diyala governorate

01.09.2017 - 28.02.2020

A majority of people living in rural northern Diyala do not have access to potable water which results in communities utilizing unsafe sources like rivers and irrigation channels. The lack of solid waste management systems further aggravates the poor health conditions within this area. This project aims at reducing water and sanitation related risks and increasing access to clean water for IDPs, returnees and host communities living in the districts of Kifri and Khanaqin. It also helps particularly vulnerable families access protection services.


South Sudan, Concern Worldwide: NGO Forum Support

01.09.2017 - 31.08.2020

This is the fourth phase of support to the NGO-Forum in South Sudan, aiming at contributing to the effectiveness and coordination of emergency humanitarian response and development programming in South Sudan. This will be achieved through sustained and enhanced engagement with all stakeholders on issues affecting NGO operations, advocacy, capacity building and information sharing. 


Sierra Leone Landslide: Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

23.08.2017 - 24.08.2018

On the night of 13 August 2017, the city of Freetown in Sierra Leone and its outskirts experienced torrential rains and landslides. At least 400 people were killed following the collapse of a hillside. 600 people are still missing and 3’000 were displaced. Through this contribution, Switzerland will assist 9’600 victims and affected people in Freetown with emergency and recovery services to improve the condition of shelter, water sanitation and hygiene as well as health care.


Support to Portugal in fighting wildfires

19.08.2017 - 15.11.2017

Wildfires in Portugal this year have accounted for more than one third of the burnt forest in the entire 28-nation European Union. As national capacities are not sufficient to end successfully the blazes, Portugal requested international support, which is delivered by Marocco and EU states. August 18 Switzerland received and positively answered an official request from the Portuguese government.


Intervention en santé mentale et soutien psychosocial pour les migrants au Niger

15.08.2017 - 28.02.2019

2016 environ 200,000 migrants sont passés par le Niger sur l’axe Niger-Lybie/Algérie. Ces migrants sont souvent exposés à des violations graves des droits de l’homme et des traumas. Seule une petite proportion des migrants bénéficie d’une forme d’assistance couvrant les besoins essentiels (santé, abri, nourriture). Une réponse aux traumatismes subis est quasi inexistante. Par ce co-financement, la Suisse contribue donc au renforcement d’une réponse santé mentale/psychosociale ainsi que d’autres services de protection pour les migrants au Niger pour préserver leur bien-être et le potentiel de développement humain.

Objeto 25 – 36 de 100