Prevención de catástrofes, ayuda de emergencia reconstrucción y protección

En Sudán del Sur, la Ayuda humanitaria ha construido diversos puntos de suministro de agua para permitir que las comunidades locales tengan acceso al agua potable. © DDC

La prevención de catástrofes, la ayuda de emergencia y la reconstrucción son los tres campos de intervención de la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE. Corresponden, respectivamente, a un compromiso antes, durante y después de las crisis, los conflictos armados y las catástrofes.

La prevención designa el conjunto de las medidas previas adoptadas para proteger a la población y la infraestructura. Todos los proyectos y programas de la COSUDE fomentan la prevención de riesgos y la reducción de la vulnerabilidad, como parte del desarrollo sostenible. La ayuda de emergencia tiene por cometido principal salvar vidas y aliviar el sufrimiento en el momento álgido de una crisis. Dos tercios de los fondos gestionados por la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE se destinan a la ayuda de emergencia. Tras la emergencia y una vez que la situación se ha estabilizado, pueden comenzar los trabajos de reconstrucción y de rehabilitación. En situaciones de conflictos prolongados, el compromiso en estos tres campos de intervención puede ser simultáneo. 

La protección de la población es una de las cuatro prioridades temáticas de la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE, además de la reducción del riesgo de catástrofes, del agua, de las instalaciones sanitarias y de la violencia sexual y por motivos de género.

Reducción del riesgo de desastres

Los desastres naturales afectan tanto a los países ricos como a los pobres, pero las repercusiones varían en función del nivel de desarrollo.

Reconstrucción y rehabilitación

El propósito general de la reconstrucción y rehabilitación es el restablecimiento de las condiciones de vida de la población afectada.

Ayuda inmediata y ayuda de emergencia

La ayuda de emergencia de la Confederación, con sus expertos del Cuerpo Suizo de Ayuda humanitaria (CSA), interviene en crisis, conflictos y catástrofes a nivel mundial.

Protección

Los conflictos armados y los desastres naturales exponen a los supervivientes a riesgos de violencia física y psíquica.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 97 – 108 de 110

Humanitarian Quality Assurance Initiative, 2017-2019

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

By supporting the Humanitarian Quality Assurance Initiative (HQAI), at the moment where it is building its sustainability, Switzerland strives to ensure humanitarian organizations have a measurable tool to track their progress against effectiveness and accountability to affected populations, with their application of the Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS), and continuously improve. This is done through the verification and certification processes of HQAI which acts as an independent organization.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.



TUR CONCERN Capacity Strengthening of local NGOs for Effective Refugee Response in Turkey

01.12.2016 - 31.01.2018

Civil Society (CS) in Turkey only recently has developed a humanitarian focus. INGOs, donors and the UN rely on a few natinal NGOs to compleent the governmental refugee respone, which is increasingly strained as the Sate is undergoing a severe crisis. Humanitarian CS initiatives have also emerged at local and provincial level, but there institutional and operational capacities are still weak. This project will stregthen the capacities of 10 local NGOs to conduct refugee assistance. 


Support to Village Councils in the West Bank with a focus on Area C

01.11.2016 - 31.12.2020

SDC will support local government units to improve the delivery of basic services in marginalized rural areas of the West Bank with a focus on Area C. This intervention is consistent with the State-building agenda which forms the basis for SDC development programme in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), the promotion of human rights/international humanitarian law and the alleviation of poverty. It is aligned to the Palestinian Authority’s policy framework for Area C. Its operating modalities are harmonized with like-minded donors in the local governance sector.


Ecuador, Technical Support in Earthquake Resistant Reconstruction

18.10.2016 - 31.12.2018

An earthquake of the magnitude of 7.8 (Richter scale) hit Northern Ecuador, on 16 April 2016. Damages were widespread, collapsing structures within hundreds of km’s from the epicenter. Following SDC/HA’s emergency and early recovery interventions, SHA will provide the Ecuadorian government with technical support in capacity building on earthquake resistant construction, capitalizing SDC’s experiences from Pakistan and Haiti.


Soutien au Dispositif National de Prévention et de Gestion des Catastrophes et Crises Alimentaires au Niger (DNPGCCA) – Phase 5

01.05.2016 - 31.12.2020

Au Niger, plus de 3 millions de personnes sont affectées chaque année par l'insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle. Ces crises entrainent les ménages dans un cercle vicieux de pauvreté et de vulnérabilité. Pour faire face à ce défi, les autorités du Niger ont créé un dispositif national de prévention et de gestion des catastrophes et crises alimentaires. La Suisse accompagne ce Dispositif afin de soutenir durablement la sécurité alimentaire des populations les plus vulnérables.


Contribution to Rural Housing Reconstruction Project (RHRP)

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

Rural households affected by the earthquake of April 25, 2015, especially from disadvantaged groups, will rebuild earthquake resistant houses through the RHRP, the Government’s lead project for housing reconstruction. With a total contribution of 7 million CHF, the Swiss support through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, will enable an additional 3’500 rural households to rebuild. The contribution will be complemented by technical assistance through secondments and experts provided also by SDC/HA.


Contribution to Rural Housing Reconstruction Project (RHRP)

15.12.2015 - 31.12.2020

Rural households affected by the earthquake of April 25, 2015, especially from disadvantaged groups, will rebuild earthquake resistant houses through the RHRP, the Government’s lead project for housing reconstruction. The Swiss support through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, will enable an additional 2’250 rural households to rebuild. The contribution will be complemented by technical assistance secondments provided by SDC humanitarian aid.


Handicap International: Comprehensive action against Antipersonnel Mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) in three departments of Colombia.

01.08.2015 - 31.05.2017

The five decades running armed conflict in Colombia continues to cause humanitarian needs such as internal displacement, landmine contamination and the recruitment of minors by armed groups. Departments of Nariño, Cauca and Cordoba, by geography serve as strategic corridor to the Pacific and Caribe for the cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs, weapons and illegal mining among others, becoming scenario of social conflicts and armed confrontation. Rural communities in those departments are among the most affected by antipersonnel mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) which generate victims with poor access to physical and psychosocial services, as well as option for social, economic and educational inclusion.


Employment Fund, Phase II

15.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

The earthquakes that struck Nepal in April and May 2015 caused the destruction of 500,000 houses and the damage of 280,000 houses[1]. Nepal does not have sufficient construction workers with knowledge of earthquake resilient technologies. This project will train 3,000 people from the disaster affected districts in reconstruction relevant trades and in the use of earthquake resilient building techniques while 4,000 houses, the trainees own as well as other homes, are built.  

 

[1] Figures provided by the Government of Nepal: http://drrportal.gov.np


WFP Secondment Protection and Gender Advisor

01.06.2015 - 31.12.2016

In Myanmar especially conflict affected and rural populations suffer from moderate to severe malnutrition; but also extreme weather conditions may increase the situation of food insecurity. In recent years there have been reports on protection gaps in the implementation of WFP programmes and women and children are struggling to receive support. The secondment will provide technical support in the domain of protection and gender to the WFP country program.

Objeto 97 – 108 de 110