L’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement: un droit universel

19.11.2015, district de Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, latrines de l’école primaire «Ruware».
L’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement sont des droits de l’homme. Enfants lavant leurs mains devant un bloc de latrines de l’école primaire «Ruware» dans le district de Chiredzi, au Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DDC

Quelque 844 millions de personnes n’ont aujourd’hui pas accès à l’eau potable. La DDC s’engage pour que les êtres humains bénéficient d’un approvisionnement fiable en eau potable et de services d’assainissement appropriés. Reconnu depuis 2010 comme un droit de l’homme, l’accès à l’eau potable est primordial pour garantir les besoins humains de base.

Les priorités de la DDC

L’eau est un bien commun et l’accès à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement, un droit de l’homme. La DDC s’engage pour que les êtres humains disposent d’un approvisionnement en eau potable sûr et pour qu’ils puissent maintenir une hygiène correcte grâce à la présence d’installations sanitaires adéquates et de traitement des eaux usées. Dans le domaine de l’eau, la Suisse dispose d’une longue expérience reconnue au niveau mondial et soutient un grand nombre d’activités:

  • recherche et innovation appliquées
  • financement dans le monde entier de mesures visant à améliorer l’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement
  • développement de nouvelles approches pour des services et de nouveaux modèles de coopération avec le secteur privé «water stewardship» (bonne gestion de l’eau)
  • transposition à plus grande échelle de programmes portant sur les infrastructures: le renforcement des capacités et la formation contribuent à garantir le bon fonctionnement des installations

L’expérience acquise par la DDC dans la pratique alimente également le dialogue politique entre les gouvernements, le secteur privé et la société civile afin de favoriser dans le monde entier l’apprentissage mutuel et l’application de solutions durables et éprouvées.

Contexte

Selon l’ONU, environ 844 millions de personnes n’ont aujourd’hui pas accès à l’eau potable. De même, 2,3 milliards d’hommes, de femmes et d’enfants ne disposent pas d’installations sanitaires adéquates et 892 millions de personnes sont toujours contraintes de pratiquer la défécation à l’air libre. Ces conditions sanitaires défaillantes sont à elles seules responsables de 80% des maladies qui affectent les pays en développement.  Chaque jour, 1000 enfants de moins de cinq ans meurent dans le monde en raison d’une diarrhée due à la consommation d’eau non potable. Dans de nombreux cas, les problèmes ne sont toutefois pas imputables au manque d’eau, mais bien plus à l’insuffisance des engagements financiers, aussi bien nationaux qu’internationaux, devant rendre accessible une eau de qualité suffisante aux endroits où elle est nécessaire. Pour cette raison, la DDC mise sur la coopération avec tous les acteurs impliqués dans le but de mettre en place un système permettant à tous un accès pérenne à l’eau potable.

Documents

Projets actuels

Objet 1 – 12 de 113

Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.


Promoting Water Stewardship 2030 (Phase Il)

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2024

Water stewardship promotes the sustainable and equitable management of freshwater resources among communities, businesses, utilities and investors. SDC supports the Alliance for Water Stewardship, the CDP Water Security Programme and Water Witness International synergistically to advocate for water stewardship particularly in developing countries. SDC is a forerunner in bringing together these key actors to increase outreach and impact.


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 30.04.2022

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022


Territorial water governance in the Gulf of Fonseca Region - phase II

01.04.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Program facilitates the empowerment of the Watershed Councils of the Nacaome, Choluteca and Sampile rivers in the Gulf of Fonseca Region in terms of their leadership and sustainable and participatory management of the water governance system. This contributes to collaborative processes and investments in the frame of the formulation and implementation of watershed plans, indirectly benefiting 500,000 inhabitants.


Resilience for Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

01.03.2021 - 31.07.2025

Pastoralism is a millennia old livelihood strategy adapted to the marginal and harsh environ-ments of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). In order to support pastoralists, this programme contributes to strengthening public and private institutions in the water and livestock sectors, putting policy frameworks in place to ensure efficient county-wide and cross-border water and rangeland management systems, and to increase access to water and pasture.


Financing Basin Development at Municipal Level (Localized Blue Peace)

15.02.2021 - 31.12.2024

Whit this contribution, Switzerland catalyses the set-up of a technical assistance facility, managed by the United Nations Capital Development Fund. Based on Swiss experience, municipalities in developing countries are supported in managing innovative water-related multi-sector projects in the context of wider basin development (localized Blue Peace). Inclusive economic development based on a self-sustaining financing model will be enhanced.


Investing in UN-Water: accelerating progress on SDG 6

01.02.2021 - 31.12.2025

UN-Water is the ‘one voice’ of the UN system on all water and sanitation related issues. It is responsible for the monitoring and reporting of SDG 6 and strengthens the global water agenda. By maintaining its support to UN-Water, the SDC helps to reduce the fragmentation of the water sector and contributes to accelerating the achievement of SDG 6, thus keeping its global commitment towards the 2030 Agenda. 


Towards effective Global Water Governance (Core contribution to the Global Water Partnership)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

Sound and integrated water resources management is needed more than ever to respond to the global water crisis and to translate the agenda 2030 on water into action. Multi-stakeholder networks such as the Global Water Partnership (GWP) play a crucial role in supporting inclusive decision-making and in moderating between different interest groups and perspectives to enable the creation and maintenance of momentum for coordinated action.


Mekong River Commission (MRC) – Contribution to the basket fund for the implementation of the Strategic Plan 2021-2025

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

The Mekong River Commission is the only treaty-based intergovernmental organisation for the Mekong River Basin with a clear mandate for integrated water resources management, procedures and tools to support equitable use of water and address transboundary issues. Switzerland with its experience in water diplomacy and management contributes to the implementation of the new Basin Development Strategy (2021-2030) and Strategic Plan (2021-2025) through the multi-donor Basket Fund. 


Hands4health Hand hygiene, water quality and sanitation in primary health care facilities and schools not connected to a functional water supply system

01.12.2020 - 31.12.2024

Current technologies and approaches to improve water, sanitation and hygiene are fragmented. Hands4health focuses on the development, testing, evaluation and scaling up of new water efficient hand washing technologies as well as on a holistic approach to hand hygiene, water quality and sanitation. To leave no one behind, the project works in primary health care facilities and schools not connected to a functional water supply system in in four target countries and beyond. 


RésEAU cum Aguasan (formerly SDC Water Network RésEAU’)

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2025

Water security is a key prerequisite of sustainable development and for achieving the Agenda 2030. Herein SDC’s Water Network ‘RésEAU’ plays a key role in supporting efforts towards a water secure world by strengthening the required thematic expertise, helping to better capitalize key learnings and supporting transformational change in line with the new Bill 2021-2024. The next phase of the RésEAU will allow to be ‘fit for purpose’ and to better respond to future challenges and opportunities.


Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SIRWASH)

01.10.2020 - 31.12.2024

The Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SIRWASH) initiative improves enabling policy, innovation and knowledge environments and fosters the required capacities to provide sustainable quality water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services to rural communities – in particular poor households and vulnerable people – in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Haiti and Peru. It builds on Switzerland’s over 20 years of experience in strengthening rural WASH systems in Peru and Colombia.

Objet 1 – 12 de 113