L’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement: un droit universel

19.11.2015, district de Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, latrines de l’école primaire «Ruware».
L’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement sont des droits de l’homme. Enfants lavant leurs mains devant un bloc de latrines de l’école primaire «Ruware» dans le district de Chiredzi, au Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DDC

Quelque 844 millions de personnes n’ont aujourd’hui pas accès à l’eau potable. La DDC s’engage pour que les êtres humains bénéficient d’un approvisionnement fiable en eau potable et de services d’assainissement appropriés. Reconnu depuis 2010 comme un droit de l’homme, l’accès à l’eau potable est primordial pour garantir les besoins humains de base.

Les priorités de la DDC

L’eau est un bien commun et l’accès à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement, un droit de l’homme. La DDC s’engage pour que les êtres humains disposent d’un approvisionnement en eau potable sûr et pour qu’ils puissent maintenir une hygiène correcte grâce à la présence d’installations sanitaires adéquates et de traitement des eaux usées. Dans le domaine de l’eau, la Suisse dispose d’une longue expérience reconnue au niveau mondial et soutient un grand nombre d’activités:

  • recherche et innovation appliquées
  • financement dans le monde entier de mesures visant à améliorer l’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement
  • développement de nouvelles approches pour des services et de nouveaux modèles de coopération avec le secteur privé «water stewardship» (bonne gestion de l’eau)
  • transposition à plus grande échelle de programmes portant sur les infrastructures: le renforcement des capacités et la formation contribuent à garantir le bon fonctionnement des installations

L’expérience acquise par la DDC dans la pratique alimente également le dialogue politique entre les gouvernements, le secteur privé et la société civile afin de favoriser dans le monde entier l’apprentissage mutuel et l’application de solutions durables et éprouvées.

Contexte

Selon l’ONU, environ 844 millions de personnes n’ont aujourd’hui pas accès à l’eau potable. De même, 2,3 milliards d’hommes, de femmes et d’enfants ne disposent pas d’installations sanitaires adéquates et 892 millions de personnes sont toujours contraintes de pratiquer la défécation à l’air libre. Ces conditions sanitaires défaillantes sont à elles seules responsables de 80% des maladies qui affectent les pays en développement.  Chaque jour, 1000 enfants de moins de cinq ans meurent dans le monde en raison d’une diarrhée due à la consommation d’eau non potable. Dans de nombreux cas, les problèmes ne sont toutefois pas imputables au manque d’eau, mais bien plus à l’insuffisance des engagements financiers, aussi bien nationaux qu’internationaux, devant rendre accessible une eau de qualité suffisante aux endroits où elle est nécessaire. Pour cette raison, la DDC mise sur la coopération avec tous les acteurs impliqués dans le but de mettre en place un système permettant à tous un accès pérenne à l’eau potable.

Documents

Projets actuels

Objet 13 – 24 de 104

Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal: Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak

31.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

As of 06. February 2020 a total of 28’292 infections and 565 deaths have been reported with the majority of the cases occurring in China.

The preliminary Emergency Appeal from the IFRC is seeking Swiss Francs 3 Million to support Red Cross Red Crescent Societies globally, to contribute to stopping transmission of the virus, and helping to ensure the health and dignity of communities affected by the outbreak. IFRC will work closely with National Societies in countries where transmission has taken place, and on preparedness measures for all countries. The main area of focus for this response is Health and WASH, which will include risk communication and community engagement, psychosocial support, capacity building of NS on epidemic response and support. Other areas of focus are protection, gender and inclusion and migration. While at the moment the response is largely in the Asia Pacific region, the IFRC is supporting National Societies in at risk countries with preparedness activities. The IFRC at global, country and regional level is coordinating with other agencies including WHO, UNICEF and CDC in information sharing and guidance.


Solar Irrigation for Agriculture Resilience (SoLAR)

01.01.2020 - 31.07.2027

To adapt to climate change farmers rely increasingly on irrigation, ultimately depleting groundwater resources and raising energy demand. The project aims to address these challenges by promoting solar irrigation, water efficient agriculture and groundwater governance. The project will harness Swiss expertise on hydrogeology and technical innovations to contribute to climate resilient agriculture and facilitate knowledge sharing in South Asia and at the global level.


Strengthening Drought Resilience in Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Areas of Somali National Regional State, Ethiopia (SDR - SNRS)

01.01.2020 - 30.04.2022

Pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihoods in Ethiopia's Somali National Regional State (SNRS) are increasingly threatened by environmental (climatic) changes and land degradation. GIZ along with Local Government partners aims at building the resilience of vulnerable pastoralist communities through proven land rehabilitation measures, the promotion of livelihood activities and capacity development of government and private sector institutions.


Philippines: Typhoon Phanfone - Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

28.12.2019 - 31.12.2020

This Emergency Appeal seeks 2 million Swiss francs (CHF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) to deliver assistance for 12 months and support to 20,000 people affected by Typhoon (TY) Phanfone/Ursula. The appeal focuses on the following sectors: shelter; livelihoods and basic needs; health; WASH; protection; gender and inclusion (PGI); migration; community disaster preparedness and risk reduction; and National Society capacity enhancement. Therein, SDC favours humanitarian assistance to Shelter and WASH sectors.


IDB Migration Initiative (Clean drinking water and sanitation program for la Guajira)

01.10.2019 - 30.09.2022

Switzerland supports to the newly created Migration Initiative of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) that was created in support of Latin American and Caribbean migrants and their host communities and accordingly contributes to deter grave development crisis by empowering communities to foster integration and consequently to strengthen stability of the region and Colombia in particular.


Capacity Building for Low Carbon and Climate Resilient City Development in India (CapaCITIES)

16.07.2019 - 15.07.2023

India is rapidly urbanizing. The growing Indian cities are affected by climate change but are also important emitters of greenhouse gases. Phase 2 of CapaCITIES aims at enabling climate responsive urban planning in eight cities and two states. Swiss expertise in waste management, transport, water and climate finance will support development of solutions for low-carbon and climate resilient cities. The results of the project in India will be shared through global reporting mechanisms and city coalitions.


Municipal environmental management

01.04.2019 - 31.03.2023

Based on its significant expertise in the field of sustainable waste and wastewater management Switzerland supports Bolivia in addressing its environmental challenges by consolidating models of sustainable management of wastewater treatment services and solid waste management for small and intermediate cities. In coordination with the Ministry of Environment and Water, it contributes to the implementation of public policies reinforcing the quality and efficiency of environmental services, involving local populations and institutions. This will reduce harmful effects on the health of the population.



DRR Backstopping services for Lima DRR Hub

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2022

It has been considered necessary and strategic for the Lima DRR and RR Hub to hire a backstopper in order to provide DRR technical assistance for specific actions in design, implementation and / or follow-up processes of Lima Hub. The backstopping activities will be aligned to the first two Programmatic Pillars of the DRR and RR Regional Concept for the Andean Region which are: Disaster Risk Reduction and Policy Dialogue.


Peru, Regional Hub Lima, Participation from Latin America - Carribean in Global DRR Platform - Geneva - May 13-17, 2019

01.03.2019 - 30.11.2019

From May 13 to 17, 2019, will be held in Geneva, the VI session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and will be hosted by the Government of Switzerland. In addition, the session will be cochaired by Switzerland and UNISDR. The GPDRR 2019 represents an opportunity for DRR partners in Latin America and the Caribbean as an important step in the process of capitalizing and consolidating contributions on DRR as relevant inputs for the Sendai Framework.


Small Actions Credit Line (Quick Impact)

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2021

The Small Actions Credit Line (Quick Impact) is a humanitarian instrument of the Swiss Embassy's cooperation office that allows a fast response to requests for moderate one-time funding of limited duration. It enables the Embassy's cooperation office in Lebanon to fund small scale development or humanitarian activities that addresses needs of refugees, IDPs, vulnerable migrants or communities at risk, supports the strategic strengthening of the portfolio of the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Middle East and which contribute to the visibility of Swiss presence in the region.


Peer to Peer Review: Towards systemic change for a water- secure world

01.02.2019 - 31.12.2030

Switzerland has a leading role in carving out solutions for the global water crisis. In order to better contribute to a water-secure world and strengthen the Swiss expertise in the water sector, synergies and alignment among strategic actors are needed. In that sense, this initiative applies a yearly peer to peer review mechanism focusing on mutual learning, innovative thinking and networking.

Objet 13 – 24 de 104