Diritto all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari per tutti

19.11.2015, Distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware».
L’accesso all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari sono diritti umani a pieno titolo. Scolari si lavano le mani davanti al blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware» nel distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DSC

Oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano beneficiare di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile sicuro e di servizi igienico-sanitari adeguati. Riconosciuto dal 2010 come diritto umano a pieno titolo, l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è fondamentale per soddisfare i bisogni umani di base.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

L’acqua è un bene comune e l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è un diritto umano. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano godere di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile e mantenere un’igiene adeguata grazie alle strutture sanitarie e agli impianti di trattamento delle acque reflue. In materia di risorse idriche, la Svizzera dispone di un’esperienza di lunga data riconosciuta a livello mondiale e sostiene numerose attività ad esempio:

  • la ricerca applicata e le innovazioni;
  • un meccanismo di finanziamento a livello mondiale per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua e il trattamento delle acque di scarico;
  • lo sviluppo di nuovi approcci per quanto riguarda i servizi e nuove cooperazioni con il settore privato (quadro globale «Water Stewardship Standard»);
  • l’aumento dei programmi infrastrutturali: il buon funzionamento degli impianti viene garantito anche attraverso il potenziamento delle capacità e la formazione.

Nel dialogo politico tra i Governi, il settore privato e la società civile, la DSC apporta la propria esperienza pratica per favorire l’apprendimento reciproco e accelerare a livello mondiale l’applicazione di soluzioni efficaci e sostenibili.

Contesto

Secondo le stime dell’ONU, oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile, 2,3 miliardi non dispongono di impianti sanitari adeguati e 892 milioni devono espletare le proprie funzioni corporali all’aperto. Nei Paesi in via di sviluppo, l’80% delle malattie sono riconducibili esclusivamente a condizioni igienico-sanitarie carenti. Nel mondo, muoiono ogni giorno 1000 bambini sotto i cinque anni a causa di una malattia diarroica contratta per aver bevuto acqua non salubre. In molti casi, tuttavia, la causa principale dei problemi non è la carenza idrica in sé, ma piuttosto la mancanza degli investimenti finanziari a livello nazionale e internazionale volti a rendere accessibili, ove necessario, risorse idriche di qualità adeguata. La DSC punta pertanto sulla cooperazione con gli attori coinvolti nell’intento di dare vita a un sistema che consenta a tutti, a lungo termine, di disporre di un accesso ad acqua pulita e potabile.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 973 – 984 di 1063

Private Infrastructure Development Group, Phase VII

01.09.2017 - 31.12.2020

The Private Infrastructure Development Group (PIDG) encourages and mobilises private sector investments to assist low income countries of sub-Saharan Africa as well as south and south-east Asia in providing infrastructure. PIDG is strategically steered by its member donor organisations.


Urban Transformation Program

01.08.2017 - 31.12.2022

Urban transformation has become one of the top priorities of Colombian cities for tackling their growing urban challenges. The SECO supported Urban Transformation Program aims at (re-)vitalizing the public space through innovative urban infrastructures in selected Colombian Cities in order to promote their economic development.



Better Work Phase III

01.07.2017 - 31.10.2021

Better Work, a partnership of the International Labour Organization and the International Finance Corporation, improves working conditions and respect for labour rights in the garment industry, as well as productivity and competitiveness of apparel businesses. It provides services at factory level to improve compliance with national and international labour standards, facilitates better buying practices in the sector and works at the policy level to improve overall working conditions in global supply chains.



World Bank City Resilience Program

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

The City Resilience Program is a project preparation facility, which aims to enhance capacity and consolidate city engagement on urban resilience.It will support the establishment of comprehensive engagements in selected cities as well as the foundation of strategic partnerships in order to unlock new sources of capital for building up resilience.


Mobile Money Project

01.06.2017 - 31.05.2021

The Azerbaijan and Central Asia Mobile Money Project (ACAMM) seeks to improve financial inclusion and financial resilience by increasing access to low cost mobile financial services to the un(der)banked. ACAAM is implemented by the International Finance Corporation and co-funded by the UK's Department for International Development (DFID).


Water Supply and Wastewater of the municipality of Delnice

30.05.2017 - 31.12.2023

Delnice is located in the region of Gorski Kotar, where Switzerland and Croatia implement three water supply and wastewater projects. The uncontrolled discharge of untreated sanitary wastewater risks to pollute drinking water sources and catchment areas of the Danube and the Adriatic Sea. Moreover, the existing drinking water systems are in need of maintenance. A feasibility study, also financed through the Swiss contribution to Croatia, detects deficiencies and defines needs for action.


Water Supply and Wastewater of the municipality of Fužine

30.05.2017 - 31.12.2023

Fužine is located in the region of Gorski Kotar, where Switzerland and Croatia intend to implement three water supply and wastewater projects. The uncontrolled discharge of untreated sanitary wastewater risks to pollute drinking water sources and catchment areas of the Danube and the Adriatic Sea. Moreover, the existing drinking water systems are in need of maintenance. A feasibility study, also financed through the Swiss contribution to Croatia, detects deficiencies and defines needs for action.


Water Supply and Wastewater of the municipality of Brod Moravice

30.05.2017 - 31.12.2023

Brod Moravice is located in the region of Gorski Kotar, where Switzerland and Croatia intend to implement three water supply and wastewater projects. The uncontrolled discharge of untreated sanitary wastewater risks to pollute drinking water sources and catchment areas of the Danube and the Adriatic Sea. Moreover, the existing drinking water systems are in need of maintenance. A feasibility study, also financed through the Swiss contribution to Croatia, detects deficiencies and defines needs for action.


Regional Capacity Development Network for Water and Sanitation Services

01.05.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland is a longstanding and important partner of public water supply providers in the Western Balkans. The Regional Capacity Development Network is a signficant additional contribution towards building a professional work force in the region required for a sustainable and inclusive provision of water and sanitation services to the population.


Umbrella Facility for Trade and Development

01.04.2017 - 31.12.2022

The Umbrella Facility (UF) for Trade, a Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Trade and Development, supports analytical trade work across the World Bank Group (WBG). It is implemented by IBRD/IFC, one of the biggest institutional supporter of analytical work and capacity development on trade within the WBG.

Oggetto 973 – 984 di 1063