19.11.2015, Distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware».
L’accesso all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari sono diritti umani a pieno titolo. Scolari si lavano le mani davanti al blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware» nel distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DSC

Oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano beneficiare di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile sicuro e di servizi igienico-sanitari adeguati. Riconosciuto dal 2010 come diritto umano a pieno titolo, l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è fondamentale per soddisfare i bisogni umani di base.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

L’acqua è un bene comune e l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è un diritto umano. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano godere di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile e mantenere un’igiene adeguata grazie alle strutture sanitarie e agli impianti di trattamento delle acque reflue. In materia di risorse idriche, la Svizzera dispone di un’esperienza di lunga data riconosciuta a livello mondiale e sostiene numerose attività ad esempio:

  • la ricerca applicata e le innovazioni;
  • un meccanismo di finanziamento a livello mondiale per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua e il trattamento delle acque di scarico;
  • lo sviluppo di nuovi approcci per quanto riguarda i servizi e nuove cooperazioni con il settore privato (quadro globale «Water Stewardship Standard»);
  • l’aumento dei programmi infrastrutturali: il buon funzionamento degli impianti viene garantito anche attraverso il potenziamento delle capacità e la formazione.

Nel dialogo politico tra i Governi, il settore privato e la società civile, la DSC apporta la propria esperienza pratica per favorire l’apprendimento reciproco e accelerare a livello mondiale l’applicazione di soluzioni efficaci e sostenibili.

Contesto

Secondo le stime dell’ONU, oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile, 2,3 miliardi non dispongono di impianti sanitari adeguati e 892 milioni devono espletare le proprie funzioni corporali all’aperto. Nei Paesi in via di sviluppo, l’80% delle malattie sono riconducibili esclusivamente a condizioni igienico-sanitarie carenti. Nel mondo, muoiono ogni giorno 1000 bambini sotto i cinque anni a causa di una malattia diarroica contratta per aver bevuto acqua non salubre. In molti casi, tuttavia, la causa principale dei problemi non è la carenza idrica in sé, ma piuttosto la mancanza degli investimenti finanziari a livello nazionale e internazionale volti a rendere accessibili, ove necessario, risorse idriche di qualità adeguata. La DSC punta pertanto sulla cooperazione con gli attori coinvolti nell’intento di dare vita a un sistema che consenta a tutti, a lungo termine, di disporre di un accesso ad acqua pulita e potabile.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 973 – 984 di 1053

SECO Start-up Fund - Administration 2017-24

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The SECO Start-up Fund is a debt vehicle that provides loans to Swiss-based individuals or small enterprises for the purpose of launching a business in Swiss partner countries. The SECO Start-up Fund is fully owned by the Swiss Confederation and consitutes an instrument of the Swiss Economic Cooperation and Development programme.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Global program on Textil & Clothing - GTEX

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2021

GTEX addresses challenges faced by the Textile & Clothing (T&C) sector, in particular for companies to meet international market requirements. It will enhance capacities at company level, promote a conducive policy environment and strengthen trade support institutions such as business entities, consultancy firms or training centres.


Warehouse Receipts System

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Lack of access to finance is a key constraint for small and medium enterprises in Ghana to growth and job creation. The agricultural sector is underserved by financial institutions due to perceived risks and missing securities. Strengthening the Warehouse Receipts System will help to address this.


Solid Waste Management in Berat

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

SECO is supporting the Region of Berat in Albania including its municipalities Berat, Kuçovë, Poliçan, Skrapar and Ura Vajgurore, in improving quality, reliability and sustainability of its solid waste management (SWM) services. The support encompasses capacity development, technical assistance and Short Term SWM Measures.


Advisory Centre on WTO Law IV

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2021

The Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL) was established in 2001 with the goal of enabling developing countries, and in particular least developed countries (LDCs), to better understand their rights and obligations in the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and to provide them with equal opportunities to defend their interests in the WTO dispute settlement proceedings. ACWL provides three types of services to this end: legal advice on WTO law, support in dispute settlement proceedings and legal training.


INDOBUS Urban Transport

05.12.2016 - 05.12.2021

The Indonesian Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Development Project (INDOBUS) managed by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) assists Indonesian municipalities in developing bus rapid transit corridors as a backbone for sustainable urban mobility systems. It entails technical assistance and capacity-building for cities and ministries to foster the implementation of bus based mass public transport in medium-sized cities.


Cities and Climate Change in Africa (CICLIA)

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2022

Cities and Climate Change in Africa (CICLIA) is a program managed by the Agence française de Développement for preparation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects in Sub-Sahara Africa cities. CICLIA proposes to bridge the existing gap between policy-making and actual financing and implementation of low-carbon infrastructure projects.


KHUJAND PUBLIC TRANSPORT PROJECT

15.11.2016 - 31.12.2021

The SECO-EBRD project aims to improve passenger transport services in Greater Khujand. The project entails investments, regulatory support, Corporate Development support for the public transport company and a stakeholder engagement program.


Integral Development of Urban Water and Sanitation Utilities in Colombia

01.11.2016 - 31.12.2021

Urban water and sanitation utilities in Colombia face problems regarding service quality and financial sustainability. The Program will support 10 utilities in assessing their performance through a standardized tool, and on this basis, formulate and implement measures to improve their performance and reach a better service quality.


Strengthening governance and public financial management

01.11.2016 - 30.09.2022

This Program supports the government of Tunisia at the national and subnational level to improve its governance, public financial management (PFM) and public investment management. Legal and institutional reforms are combined with sustainable capacity building to improve government efficiency, effectiveness and transparency.


Better Gold Initiative, Phase II

01.11.2016 - 30.06.2021

During the second phase of the Better Gold Initiative for artisanal and small-scale mining (BGI for ASM), a scaling-up of responsibly sourced ASM gold shall take place. Value chains for sustainably produced gold from ASM operations in Peru, Colombia and Bolivia to the Swiss market are established. The project follows 3 components: 1) Production and certification: Support to ASM operations in their formalization and certification- 2) Policy Dialogue: Simplification of formalization framework- 3) Demand: Establishment of value chains through collaboration with private sector.

Oggetto 973 – 984 di 1053