19.11.2015, Distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware».
L’accesso all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari sono diritti umani a pieno titolo. Scolari si lavano le mani davanti al blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware» nel distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DSC

Oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano beneficiare di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile sicuro e di servizi igienico-sanitari adeguati. Riconosciuto dal 2010 come diritto umano a pieno titolo, l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è fondamentale per soddisfare i bisogni umani di base.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

L’acqua è un bene comune e l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è un diritto umano. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano godere di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile e mantenere un’igiene adeguata grazie alle strutture sanitarie e agli impianti di trattamento delle acque reflue. In materia di risorse idriche, la Svizzera dispone di un’esperienza di lunga data riconosciuta a livello mondiale e sostiene numerose attività ad esempio:

  • la ricerca applicata e le innovazioni;
  • un meccanismo di finanziamento a livello mondiale per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua e il trattamento delle acque di scarico;
  • lo sviluppo di nuovi approcci per quanto riguarda i servizi e nuove cooperazioni con il settore privato (quadro globale «Water Stewardship Standard»);
  • l’aumento dei programmi infrastrutturali: il buon funzionamento degli impianti viene garantito anche attraverso il potenziamento delle capacità e la formazione.

Nel dialogo politico tra i Governi, il settore privato e la società civile, la DSC apporta la propria esperienza pratica per favorire l’apprendimento reciproco e accelerare a livello mondiale l’applicazione di soluzioni efficaci e sostenibili.

Contesto

Secondo le stime dell’ONU, oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile, 2,3 miliardi non dispongono di impianti sanitari adeguati e 892 milioni devono espletare le proprie funzioni corporali all’aperto. Nei Paesi in via di sviluppo, l’80% delle malattie sono riconducibili esclusivamente a condizioni igienico-sanitarie carenti. Nel mondo, muoiono ogni giorno 1000 bambini sotto i cinque anni a causa di una malattia diarroica contratta per aver bevuto acqua non salubre. In molti casi, tuttavia, la causa principale dei problemi non è la carenza idrica in sé, ma piuttosto la mancanza degli investimenti finanziari a livello nazionale e internazionale volti a rendere accessibili, ove necessario, risorse idriche di qualità adeguata. La DSC punta pertanto sulla cooperazione con gli attori coinvolti nell’intento di dare vita a un sistema che consenta a tutti, a lungo termine, di disporre di un accesso ad acqua pulita e potabile.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 973 – 984 di 1311

Territorial Economic Development Programme – PRODET

01.08.2014 - 31.12.2020

While the Las Segovias region has been marked by high levels of poverty, it is also characterised by its potential for economic development, albeit with only limited manufacturing activities. The programme will promote territorial economic development in ten municipalities and will contribute to benefit over 5000 microenterprises – owned mainly by women – and members of cooperatives from an increase in income by adding value to their products and through better sales due to improved access to markets.


Empowering Media in Tanzania - EMT

01.08.2014 - 31.12.2020

Information provided by media contributes to improve government accountability and people’s livelihoods by providing relevant information to citizens. Yet, the media sector faces challenges including a restrictive legal environment, low professional standards and lack of economic viability. This is a contribution towards addressing those key challenges through partnering with UNESCO, Tanzania Media Foundation and the Media Council of Tanzania.


UNOCHA - Emergency Response Fund for the oPt 2014

25.07.2014 - 31.12.2014

SDC financial contribution to the pooled Emergency Response Fund (ERF) managed by UNOCHA in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) will enable humanitarian actors to quickly respond to the humanitarian crisis erupting in the oPt mainly in Gaza Strip following the armed conflict of July 2014. This intervention is in line with SDC Cooperation Strategy 2010-2014 for the oPt to support Palestinians living in the oPt in asserting their rights and gain­ing improved access to quality basic services including relief assistance.


Programme psychosocial dans la région des Grands Lacs (Burundi, Rwanda, République Démocratique du Congo/Sud-Kivu)

01.07.2014 - 30.06.2018

La population de la région des Grands Lacs est affectée et largement traumatisée par des décennies de conflits et de tensions. Les violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre sont une réalité pour des milliers de femmes, de jeunes filles et de garçons. La première phase du Programme psychosocial confirme que l’approche de Prise en Charge Intégrée (aspects juridiques, médicaux et psychologiques) et l’approche psychosociale communautaire sont pertinents pour réagir  aux problématiques multiples liées aux traumas


Programme d’appui à la production agricole en Haiti

01.07.2014 - 31.12.2019

Le développement et le renforcement des services financiers et de conseils agricoles ainsi qu’un ciblage des groupes vulnérables en milieu rural contribueront – à travers de plus grands investissements dans l’agriculture - à une productivité et à une qualité accrue dans les filières concernées, à des revenus plus importants, à une sécurité alimentaire améliorée, à une vulnérabilité réduite et à une meilleure protection sociale des petit-e-s producteurs-trices et des personnes les plus défavorisées.


Restoration of the Strumica River Basin

01.07.2014 - 30.06.2022

As a continuation of the support to the Macedonian water and nature sector, Switzerland developed a group of projects that will assist the country to have cleaner water and a healthier environment, as well as to move forward in meeting its obligations towards the EU. Through this project, Citizens and farmers in the Strumica river basin will benefit from improved economic wellbeing as a result of a better ecological status of the river basin and reduced flooding hazards.


Cina: collaborazione tra ricerca e politica in campo climatico

Paesaggio desertico nella provincia di Ningsia, nella Cina settentrionale.

01.07.2014 - 31.12.2020

Avvalendosi dei più moderni metodi scientifici, la DSC aiuta la Cina a comprendere gli effetti dei cambiamenti climatici nonché a elaborare e ad attuare apposite misure di adattamento.  Il progetto «Adapting to Climate Change in China» (ACCC) combina attività politiche e di ricerca. L’obiettivo è integrare l’adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici nei processi di sviluppo.


Programme d’Appui aux Collectivités Territoriales (PACT)

01.06.2014 - 31.12.2020

Les élections municipales de juillet 2004 ont scellé l'irréversibilité du processus de décentralisation au Niger. Malgré cette décision souveraine, les transferts de compétences et de ressources aux Collectivités Territoriales restent modestes, sans grands effets sur l'évolution de la gouvernance locale. Pour dynamiser cette réforme prioritaire, le PACT entend contribuer au développement d’une gouvernance locale fondée sur la participation citoyenne, l'accès équitable des populations aux services publics locaux et à la redistribution inclusive des richesses.


IGAD-FAO Partnership Programme (PP) on Building Resilience for (Agro-) Pastoralist Communities

01.06.2014 - 31.12.2020

IGAD and FAO will jointly contribute to build resilience of communities in the Horn of Africa’s cross-border areas by addressing marketing and trade, transboundary animal diseases and natural resources management. It will also contribute to strengthen the capacity of IGAD specialized agencies to lead the regional agenda for the improvement of cross-border pastoral livelihoods.


Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development (Theme 5: Public Health)

01.06.2014 - 31.12.2023

Weak health systems have a number of commonalities: Insufficient and erratic funding, inefficient management, poor governance and lack of social accountability. How can health systems be strengthened and sustainable financing mechanisms be created for the benefits of poor people in developing countries? The thematic module public health of the SDC’s and SNSF’s joint r4d Programme (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development) will promote research on the service provision systems and financing mechanisms in the public health sector.


Institutional Strengthening of IGAD

31.05.2014 - 31.12.2020

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is a sub-regional organization in the Horn of Africa. In line with Switzerland’s decision to increase its engagement with IGAD, the proposed contribution aims at strengthening the organization institutionally based on its political legitimacy, thematic relevance and capacity to contribute to peace and development in one of the world’s most fragile regions.


Integration of the Do No Harm Approach within the land restitution process

15.05.2014 - 31.10.2016

In Colombia, as an effect of the armed conflict, since 1985, 2-3 million people have been forced to abandon the equivalent of about 3 million hectares of land. In 2011, in order to solve the problem and prevent further land dis-possessions, the Colombian government ratified the Victims and Land Restitution Law 1448. Being aware of the deli-cate task to work on land restitution in an ongoing armed conflict, SDC with its experience in promoting the DNH approach continues to support the Ministry of Agriculture’s Land Restitution Unit to integrate the approach into the land restitution process in order to maximize its positive impacts while reducing its potential negative effects.

Oggetto 973 – 984 di 1311