19.11.2015, Distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware».
L’accesso all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari sono diritti umani a pieno titolo. Scolari si lavano le mani davanti al blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware» nel distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DSC

Oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano beneficiare di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile sicuro e di servizi igienico-sanitari adeguati. Riconosciuto dal 2010 come diritto umano a pieno titolo, l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è fondamentale per soddisfare i bisogni umani di base.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

L’acqua è un bene comune e l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è un diritto umano. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano godere di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile e mantenere un’igiene adeguata grazie alle strutture sanitarie e agli impianti di trattamento delle acque reflue. In materia di risorse idriche, la Svizzera dispone di un’esperienza di lunga data riconosciuta a livello mondiale e sostiene numerose attività ad esempio:

  • la ricerca applicata e le innovazioni;
  • un meccanismo di finanziamento a livello mondiale per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua e il trattamento delle acque di scarico;
  • lo sviluppo di nuovi approcci per quanto riguarda i servizi e nuove cooperazioni con il settore privato (quadro globale «Water Stewardship Standard»);
  • l’aumento dei programmi infrastrutturali: il buon funzionamento degli impianti viene garantito anche attraverso il potenziamento delle capacità e la formazione.

Nel dialogo politico tra i Governi, il settore privato e la società civile, la DSC apporta la propria esperienza pratica per favorire l’apprendimento reciproco e accelerare a livello mondiale l’applicazione di soluzioni efficaci e sostenibili.

Contesto

Secondo le stime dell’ONU, oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile, 2,3 miliardi non dispongono di impianti sanitari adeguati e 892 milioni devono espletare le proprie funzioni corporali all’aperto. Nei Paesi in via di sviluppo, l’80% delle malattie sono riconducibili esclusivamente a condizioni igienico-sanitarie carenti. Nel mondo, muoiono ogni giorno 1000 bambini sotto i cinque anni a causa di una malattia diarroica contratta per aver bevuto acqua non salubre. In molti casi, tuttavia, la causa principale dei problemi non è la carenza idrica in sé, ma piuttosto la mancanza degli investimenti finanziari a livello nazionale e internazionale volti a rendere accessibili, ove necessario, risorse idriche di qualità adeguata. La DSC punta pertanto sulla cooperazione con gli attori coinvolti nell’intento di dare vita a un sistema che consenta a tutti, a lungo termine, di disporre di un accesso ad acqua pulita e potabile.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 985 – 996 di 1053

Eastern Europe Energy Efficiency and Environment Partnership

31.10.2016 - 31.12.2020

The Eastern Europe Energy Efficiency and Environment Partnership (E5P) is the leading multi-donor trust fund providing investment and technical assistance grants for sustainable energy and environmental projects in Ukraine and other countries (Armenia, Georgia, Moldova). SECO is making a contribution to the Ukrainian window.


Employability Social Impact Bond Program

01.10.2016 - 30.09.2021

SECO aims to provide better access to jobs for disadvantaged people in Colombia. It does so through setting up Social Impact Bonds in the area of employability. The program will also contribute to build the necessary data and market environment for Social Impact Bonds. The learnings will be shared in and beyond Colombia.


Renewable Energy for District Heating Program

01.10.2016 - 31.12.2021

The program, which is co-financed with KfW, replaces fossil fuel fired boilers of the district heating systems of Serbian municipalities with boilers fired by biomass. Additional measures will be implemented to strengthen the management capacities of the involved district heating companies.


Corporate Sustainability and Reporting for Competitive Business

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2020

Phase II of the 'Corporate Sustainability and Reporting for Competitive Business' Programme (CSRCB) aims at promoting the integration of SMEs into global value chains by improving their sustainability reporting and performance. The programme is implemented by the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and targets six developing countries.


Regional Biotrade Project Southeast Asia

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2020

The "Regional Biotrade Project Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Lao PDR, and Myanmar)" proposes to tackle the opportunities and challenges in the three countries of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot by following a country specific market demand oriented approach, along Biotrade value-chains following the ethical Biotrade principles.


Remittance Grant Facility

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2020

The Remittance Grant Facility will be set up with the Ministry of Finance of Ghana as a challenge fund. It will provide grants to private sector actors and support the design and pilot testing of innovative products and services for remittances.


Transparency and Innovation of Sustainability Standards (TISS) Programme

01.08.2016 - 31.07.2022

TISS reaffirms SECO long-standing engagement in the field of private, voluntary sustainability standards for both niche and mainstream markets. It fosters the International Trade Centre in Geneva as the global host for transparent and credible information on sustainability standards and supports ISEAL, the overarching organization of private standards, in its Innovation Agenda aimed at increasing credibility, impact and efficiency of associated standards.


Facility for Investment Climate Advisory Services 2017-21

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2021

FIAS (Facility for Investment Climate Advisory Services of the World Bank) operates at the intersection of government and the private sector to ensure that the investment climate - reflected by laws, regulations, trade structures etc. - enables companies to grow without unnecessary hurdles. Ultimately, FIAS aims to build dynamic and resilient economies that grow at the benefit of everybody through increased investment, job-creation and productivity. Thereby, FIAS contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals.


Colombia + Competitiva

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2020

SECO aims at supporting the Colombian government in its agenda to a) strengthen the competitiveness of its economy, which is crucial for the OECD accession and b) create economic perspectives and support sustainable agricultural practices, which contribute to lasting peace.


Local Energy Strategies in Colombian Cities

30.06.2016 - 31.12.2020

Colombia is facing several challenges in terms of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The SECO program will support selected Colombian cities in achieving a more sustainable management and use of energy by introducing an adapted "Energy City/European Energy Award" approach to the country.


Transformative Carbon Asset Facility

30.06.2016 - 31.12.2028

The goal of the Transformative Carbon Asset Facility (TCAF) is helping developing countries implement their plans to cut emissions by working with them to create new instruments associated with reduced greenhouse gas emission reductions, including those achieved through policy actions.


Mekong Urban Flood Proofing and Drainage Program

26.05.2016 - 31.12.2020

Implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, the Mekong Urban Flood Proofing and Drainage Program (Vietnam) aims to strengthen national capacities as well as standards and policies in the field of urban resilience, and to increase the resilience to adverse climate change related events of three selected cities.

Oggetto 985 – 996 di 1053