HIV/AIDS – Priorità alla prevenzione

Benché a livello globale l’epidemia di HIV/AIDS si sia stabilizzata, il tasso d’infezione in certi Paesi continua ad aumentare. Omofobia, leggi discriminanti e violenza di genere minano gli sforzi profusi per consentire alle persone colpite di accedere ai servizi connessi con l’HIV. Nella lotta globale all’HIV/AIDS la DSC punta sulla prevenzione e sulla riduzione della discriminazione sociale.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

La Svizzera contribuisce attivamente agli sforzi profusi nel mondo per contenere la diffusione dell’HIV/AIDS dando il suo appoggio alle organizzazioni internazionali specializzate – quali l’OMS, l’UNAIDS e il Fondo mondiale per la lotta contro l’HIV/AIDS, la tubercolosi, la malaria – così come a organizzazioni, federazioni e reti internazionali e regionali. Nel quadro di programmi bilaterali specifici che variano in base ai Paesi, la Svizzera pone l’accento sulla prevenzione – in particolare in abbinamento a programmi di salute sessuale e riproduttiva – e sul miglioramento dell’accesso a trattamenti, cure e assistenza senza discriminazioni. Nelle regioni in cui l’HIV è particolarmente diffuso, anche i programmi che esulano dall’ambito sanitario prendono, per esempio, in considerazione il ruolo delle persone affette da HIV, le ripercussioni su questi gruppi della popolazione.

La DSC sostiene anche altre attività svolte da organizzazioni non governative svizzere che si impegnano per contrastare la diffusione dell’HIV/AIDS a livello internazionale aiutandole nel loro lavoro di networking e coordinamento in Svizzera. La DSC collabora inoltre con il settore privato e il mondo universitario.

Contesto

Nella lotta contro l’HIV/AIDS sono già stati compiuti notevoli progressi, ma restano ancora sfide considerevoli da affrontare. Secondo le stime, nel mondo 37 milioni di persone hanno contratto l’HIV. Dal 2017 oltre la metà di loro segue una terapia apposita. Grazie alle cure, tra il 2005 e il 2014 il numero di decessi riconducibili all’HIV è diminuito del 35%. Tuttavia, il 25% delle persone affette da HIV non ne è consapevole e non si sottopone quindi ad alcun trattamento. Ciononostante i nuovi casi di infezione sono scesi del 47% tra il 1996 e il 2017, ma da allora il loro numero è rimasto costante. Nel 2017 1,7 milioni di persone hanno contratto il virus. L’emarginazione e la discriminazione nei confronti delle persone sieropositive e delle fasce della popolazione particolarmente colpite dall’HIV continuano a rappresentare un grosso problema, in quanto impediscono di svolgere attività di prevenzione efficaci, di accedere a terapie e di fornire un’assistenza sanitaria adeguata ai pazienti affetti da questa malattia.

In vari Paesi dell’Africa australe la Svizzera ha dato un contributo importante alla creazione di servizi di assistenza psicosociale destinati a bambini e giovani colpiti da HIV/AIDS con lo scopo di ridurne la discriminazione e di aumentarne le prospettive per il futuro.

Links

Mainstreaming du VIH: Intégrer la riposte au VIH dans la coopération
Outiles pratiques, check-lists et exemples sur CD-Rom pour la DDC et ses partenaires
[fr] (PDF, Numero pagine 24, 4.9 MB, Francese)

Déclaration d'engagement sur le VIH/sida
Ssssion extraordinaire de l'assemblée générale des Nations Unies sur le VIH/SIDA, 25-27 juin 2001
[fr] (PDF, 684.8 kB)

SDC HIV and AIDS Community of Practice
[en] (PDF, Numero pagine 3, 801.0 kB, Inglese)

Mainstreaming: A Response to HIV and AIDS in Humanitarian Assistance
[en] (PDF, Numero pagine 3, 151.7 kB, Inglese)

The Media in Education Trust Africa
[en] (PDF, Numero pagine 3, 138.4 kB, Inglese)

Parliamentarians for Global Action
[en] (PDF, Numero pagine 3, 129.3 kB, Inglese)

The Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative
[en] (PDF, Numero pagine 4, 331.5 kB, Inglese)

Technical Assistance for the World Food Programme's HIV and AIDS Response
[en] (PDF, 315.5 kB, Inglese)

SDC Support for SolidarMed's Antiretroviral Treatment Project (Smart)
[en] (PDF, Numero pagine 3, 169.4 kB, Inglese)

Focus sur la prise en charge psychosociale
Africa Brief - Novembre 2010
[fr] (PDF, Numero pagine 4, 1.2 MB, Francese)

Progetti attuali

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Contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GF)

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022

Health is a precondition, an indicator and a result of sustainable development. The Global Fund (GF) follows the vision of a world free of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. It collects and channels a big share of the international funds dedicated to end these epidemics that disproportionately affect the poorest and most vulnerable people. Its support to country programmes has saved 27 million lives since 2002. In the coming years, the challenge is to maintain this progress and step up the fight to ending the epidemics. 


Menstrual Health Management (MHM)

15.09.2019 - 31.12.2021

Despite being the majority, young people have the worst HIV outcomes. Evidence-based, demographic and context-adapted responses are essential if ending AIDS by 2030 is to be attained. Proposed is a population level study to determine the impact of a comprehensive community based package of HIV services with a nested sub-study on Menstrual Health Management (MHM). Even though it is often neglected, MHM is crucial for women’s social inclusion, health and gender equality


BACKUP Health: Technical support for Global Fund country partners

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

The Global Fund aims at ending AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria as epidemics. It works with country-based partners. The coordination mechanism through which these partners operate often requires technical assistance. SDC’s support to BACKUP Health is meant to improve the effectiveness of the coordinating mechanisms in order to ensure that the activities supported by the Global Fund  benefit the poor and vulnerable populations. Experiences gathered by the BACKUP Health in countries will be used to influence strategic decisions at Board level.


Contribution to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

Despite significant progress, HIV/AIDS continues to be a public health, human rights and development challenge. Geneva-based UNAIDS leads a multisectoral and multistakeholder response to HIV/AIDS through the provision of strategic information, analyses and political advocacy. UNAIDS contributes to prevent and reduce new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and related stigma and discrimination and as such significantly contributes to end the epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 worldwide.


Youth Friendly Health Services in Moldova

01.11.2018 - 31.10.2020

Switzerland has supported Moldova in developing its youth friendly health services (YFHSs) and scaling them up to cover the entire country. The improved access to quality healthcare led to better health outcomes in adolescents, such as decreased alcohol use and incidence of sexually transmitted infections. The two-year exit phase of this project will focus on ensuring the sustainability of YFHSs and transferring the responsibility for matching the supply and demand for such services to relevant national and local institutions.


Contribution to the International AIDS Society Educational Fund Programme

01.11.2018 - 31.12.2020

Significant yet insufficient progress has been made in the HIV/AIDS response. The body of evidence is large and tools are available but they are not fast enough disseminated, contextualized and included into national policies and programmes. The Educational Fund addresses this by offering countries different tailor-made modules. Through Swiss support, the programme will increasingly embed HIV/AIDS into a broader health response.


Gender transformative SRHR Systems for Improved HIV prevention

01.04.2018 - 31.03.2021

This programme contributes to the reduction of HIV infections and the improvement of sexual and reproductive health status of adolescents and young people in five Southern African countries. It strengthens capacities of communities and governments in mapping and addressing HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) needs of young people and advocates for integrated regional policies and frameworks.


BACKUP Health Technical support for Global Fund country partners

01.07.2017 - 31.03.2020

Based in Geneva, the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria does not have representations in the countries receiving its grants. To foster effective the implementation of its support, the Global Fund relies on coordination mechanisms that gather the main country-based partners, including people affected by the diseases. SDC co-financing of the BACKUP Health initiative aims at strengthening this multi-stakeholder management of Global Fund grants, reinforce accountability and increase the impact of the Global Fund.


Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI)

01.01.2016 - 30.06.2020

The Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI) supports policy development and provides technical support for the improvement of psychosocial wellbeing and mental wellness of children and young people to mitigate the negative impact of HIV and AIDS, poverty, and other vulnerabilities. It provides technical assistance to governments and non-governmental organizations to integrate and implement psychosocial support into social services, health and education in East and southern Africa.

Oggetto 1 – 9 di 9

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