Un contributo alla lotta globale contro la malaria

Una bambina su un’amaca, protetta da una zanzariera.
Un bambino posto sotto una zanzariera per proteggerlo dalle punture delle zanzare, fonte di trasmissione della malaria. © Swiss Malaria Group / Elder Figuera

Malgrado i costanti progressi nel controllo della diffusione della malattia, la malaria rimane un problema grave in molti Paesi, in particolar modo nell'Africa subsahariana. La DSC affronta le conseguenze sanitarie ed economiche della malaria nei Paesi partner con misure preventive e promuovendo l’accesso ai farmaci.

Nella linea di mira della DSC

La Svizzera è riconosciuta a livello internazionale per la qualità della ricerca sulla malaria e per l'attuazione di iniziative pionieristiche negli ambiti della prevenzione e del controllo della malattia. La DSC ha dunque il vantaggio di collaborare con numerosi e rinomati partner pubblici e privati noti per le loro conoscenze e le loro esperienze nel campo della malaria.

La DSC contribuisce alla lotta alla malaria attraverso la cooperazione bilaterale e multilaterale. Nei Paesi partner in cui la malaria è fortemente endemica, sostiene progetti specifici che includono la distribuzione su larga scala di zanzariere, il rafforzamento dei sistemi sanitari e l'aiuto a iniziative comunitarie locali. Sul piano internazionale, offre contributi finanziari a enti globali come il Fondo Globale per la lotta contro AIDS, tubercolosi e malaria (Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria), a istituzioni accademiche riconosciute e a partenariati pubblico-privato che favoriscono la ricerca e lo sviluppo innovativi a livello di prevenzione, di medicinali e di strumenti diagnostici.

Presa di coscienza e sensibilizzazione

La DSC è inoltre a capo dello Swiss Malaria Group fondato nel 2007, che riunisce undici membri dei settori pubblico e privato e della società civile. L’obiettivo del gruppo è sensibilizzare i decisori e l’opinione pubblica sul tema della malaria e le sue conseguenze, e di incrementare il sostegno svizzero alle organizzazioni attive nella lotta alla malattia. Le sinergie tra i membri contribuiscono alla diminuzione dei casi di malaria nei Paesi più colpiti adottando misure di controllo innovative, trasmettendo sapere e garantendo i flussi finanziari.

Contesto

In molti Paesi, sforzi ingenti hanno permesso di tenere sotto controllo la malaria, il che ha portato alla riduzione della mortalità infantile e dei casi di infezione. Il raggiungimento di questi risultati è stato possibile grazie al miglior coordinamento dei diversi attori internazionali, a investimenti massicci e alla disponibilità di mezzi di prevenzione, di diagnosi e di cura efficaci. Tuttavia, la durevolezza di tali successi è minacciata dalla crescente resistenza dei parassiti ai farmaci e agli insetticidi.

Progetti attuali

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Fair and ethical recruitment of migrant workers

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2023

Approximately 105 million people are currently working outside their country of origin. Many of these migrant workers have profited from international labour recruitment intermediaries. Millions, however, have become victims of abusive and exploitative practices by unethical recruiters. Working together with different actors, SDC will support initiatives to ensure fair and ethical recruitment. Migrants and their families will be better protected and thereby better enabled to contribute to the development of their countries of origin and destination.


Bangladesh Agricultural and Disaster Insurance Programme

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2028

Farmers will improve their productivity and resilience by gaining access to client-oriented and affordable agricultural insurance products. Insurance-cover will allow farmers to invest in higher-return activities, access credit and to recover faster when affected by weather, diseases and disasters. By building capacity of and facilitating coordination and linkages among key stakeholders, inclusive insurance markets will be developed to eventually cater for several million farmers.


Promoting Social Entrepreneurship in selected countries

01.08.2021 - 28.02.2026

This regional program with national implementation components supports Social Entrepreneurs (SEs) contributing to solving societal and environmental problems with a market-based approach. The contribution identifies and supports selected SEs and helps them to reach out to the poor. It serves the creation of employment and income for low-income households improving their livelihoods. SEs use innovative ideas and business models that are well-aligned with SDC’s objectives of poverty reduction.



CLIMATE AND CLEAN AIR IN LATIN AMERICAN CITIES PLUS (CALAC+) PROGRAMME

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2023

Air pollution is an important impediment to sustainable development in cities, and short-lived climate pollutants such as black carbon represent a major trigger for climate change. Supporting increasing voluntary efforts, CALAC+ will assist clean air strategies in five Latin American cities by fostering normative and technological changes and share lessons at the global level. Capacity building will use the comparative advantage of Swiss experience and the private sector’s interest to increase its stance in urban clean air issues.


Strengthening democratic local governance

01.01.2021 - 30.06.2026

The project aims at supporting the democratic transition and the peace efforts in Myanmar. Using a decentralized budget support approach to all townships of one state in the Southeast of the country, it will strengthen township’s participatory planning and budgeting capacity. The project will also deepen the community’s capacity to demand public services. Additionally it will support national level policy discussions based on this experience.


Joint Peace Fund

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2027

After 60 years of conflict, the government and 8 Ethnic Armed Groups have signed a National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in October 2015, opening up a unique opportunity to find lasting peace. The Joint Peace Fund is a multi-donor fund set up to channel coordinated international support for such efforts, including the implementation of the NCA and following political dialogue of the peace process, a requirement for development especially in border areas.


Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (Sustainable Develoment Goal 16+)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

The promotion of peaceful, just and inclusive societies (SDG16) is integral to the success of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. In order to accelerate its implementation, a group of UN Member States are coming together to leveraging intersections within the Agenda (16+) and to accelerate national and international implementation, while building a movement of the willing around three grand challenges. Switzerland is a co-convener, a member and a donor to this initiative.


Skills for Local Economic Development SLED

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

Switzerland will explore opportunities for supporting local economic development through vocational skills development in predominantly rural areas in Southern Shan. A focus on market-oriented skills opportunities accessible to young women and men, especially from vulnerable groups will be identified that open life-long learning opportunities to improve livelihood options and support peace building and security in conflict-affected areas.


Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens RESPECT

01.12.2020 - 30.11.2026

L’intervention renforce la gouvernance du secteur de sécurité tunisien et les capacités institutionnelles de prévention de l’extrémisme violent. Elle contribue ainsi à une meilleure protection des citoyennes et des citoyens tunisiens à travers une assistance vers une gestion de la sécurité redevable et efficace, et à travers un soutien à la définition et à la mise en œuvre de politiques publiques limitant le phénomène de l’extrémisme violent.

 


Agricultural Services and Livelihood Improvement (ASLI)

01.10.2020 - 31.07.2028

Farming households in the Central Highlands of Afghanistan suffer from high levels of poverty and food insecurity. Their agricultural productivity remains low due to insufficient access to inputs and information. The Agricultural Services and Livelihood Improvement (ASLI) project aims to improve the livelihoods of poor rural families by strengthening the public extension system at subnational level to enable targeted, demand-driven agricultural service delivery.


Economic Policy for Inclusive Growth

01.10.2020 - 31.12.2029

The planned intervention aims at supporting inclusive growth that improves the living standards for the Mozambicans, in particular women and youth. It will be pursued through increased analytical capacity and better informed policy making, by means of focussed support to economic analysis and discussion in and between government and non-government institutions. Emphasis on non-government institutions will enhance the demand for and accountability for effective policy making for inclusive growth

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