Improving the National Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) capacities of Mongolia
The intervention seeks to improve the national emergency response capacities of Mongolia in the area of Urban Search And Rescue (USAR). In Mongolia, USAR services are delivered by the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). Capacity building will be pursued through a selection of measures with special focus on targeted training in USAR techniques on the newly built training facilities, as well as support for organizational and operational conceptualization.
Climate change and environment
Disaster risk reduction DRR
- National State Institute North
|As the largest land-locked country in the world and being exposed to significant climatic challenges, Mongolia is vulnerable, in varying degrees, to a large number of natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, forest fires, as well as incidents impacted by extremely harsh winters (“Dzuds”). The increasing urban environments of Ulaanbaatar, where around 50 % of the country’s total population of 3.3 mio. inhabitants live, as well as the cities of Darkhan and Erdenet are especially prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity.
|Mongolia’s national response capacities are strengthened and its search and rescue operations extended to urban areas according to international standards.
Direct beneficiaries: (Urban) Search and Rescue experts and the management of NEMA
Indirect beneficiaries: All urban dwellers of Mongolia, particularly those in the capital Ulaanbaatar
Outcome 1: Appropriate training facilities consisting of a Modular Training Ground, including various training stations and partly new components, that enable them to practice USAR techniques according to international standards, are owned, used and maintained by NEMA’s USAR units.
Outcome 2: NEMA’s USAR units’ response capacities have been improved through introduction of systematic training of USAR techniques according to international standards, by using the partly newly purchased rescue tools, as well as through adaptations of the organizational setup and logistical infrastructure.
1.1) Additional components and adaptations of the existing Modular Training Ground, on the premises of NEMA’s Special Rescue Unit near Ulaanbaatar, have been identified and planned in cooperation of NEMA, SDC experts and the mandated contractor.
1.2) Additional MTG components have been constructed and necessary adaptations have been realized by the mandated contractor, based on the planning and supervision of NEMA and SDC experts.
1.3) NEMA has acquired know-how on the use and maintenance of the new MTG.
2.1) The state and functionality of NEMA’s rescue tools, including the SDC donated and newly purchased ones, as well as the infrastructure to store, maintain and repair those, are verified and eventually (re-)prepared and (re-)conditioned to be used for trainings.
2.2) NEMA has carried out practical USAR trainings on site, by using the SDC donated as well as the rescue tools, which had been locally purchased. 2.3: NEMA has initiated the necessary adaptions to systematically manage its USAR units during the preparedness, mobilization, deployment and demobilization phases on national base.
Results from previous phases:
During the project pilot phase 01 (01.07.2017 - 31.12.2018) and the phase 02 (01.01.31.12.2019) the capacity building process was initiated and developed with the following achievements:
- Identification, recruitement and employment of 12 new USAR trainers
- Planning,tendering and construction of a new Modular Training Ground (MTG) for practical USAR trainings
- Evaluation and purchase of new rescue tools as well as donation of rescue tools from the stock of the Swiss Rescue USAR team
- Conceptualization related to the upgrade process “SAR to USAR”
- Introduction of necessary adaptations in Management and Logistics
|Directorate/federal office responsible
Foreign state institution
National Emergency Management Agency of Mongolia NEMA
|Coordination with other projects and actors
|Synergies, coordination and – as far as possible – trilateral cooperation is sought with the USAR entities of the rather newly established Chinese Ministry of Emergency Management.
|Current phase Swiss budget CHF 200’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 98’351
|Phase 3 20.01.2023 - 31.12.2024 (Current phase) Phase 2 01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019 (Completed) Phase 1 01.07.2017 - 31.12.2018 (Completed)