Moldova is facing severe economic difficulties. For several years now, economic growth has been largely driven by the contributions of emigrants sending cash back home to their families. Remittances are declining, however, as more and more families join their relatives in the host country. Such 'jobless growth' has caused the employment rate to contract over the years – from 55% in 2000 to 41% in 2016. One of the biggest challenges to reaching the poverty reduction goal is the exceptionally high level of youth unemployment. With no job prospects or career opportunities, 26% of the working population and 68.5% of the 15-24 age group are working abroad or planning to do so. This outflow of labour resources is depriving the country of human capital, skills and innovation. The two main obstacles to social and economic development in Moldova are:
the lack of a suitably qualified workforce;
a poor investment climate.