The UN estimates that there are currently over 26 million refugees and 46 million internally displaced persons worldwide, many of whom are adolescents and children. An unknown number of migrants can also be added to this figure.
About three quarters of all refugees in the world live in Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East – often in developing countries with limited resources to absorb large numbers of refugees, provide them with effective protection or help them to integrate sustainably.
If refugees and migrants do not receive adequate protection in these countries of first refuge, they are often forced to move on, mostly along dangerous routes, to other countries and regions. They run the risk of falling victim to human trafficking and other human rights violations or resorting to the services of people smugglers.