Switzerland played an active role in the ceasefire agreement concluded in 2002 between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM). Although Sudan enjoys real economic potential, trade and investments between the two countries are limited. On the ground, Switzerland is mainly active in humanitarian operations, but is gradually strengthening its development cooperation work and its peacebuilding activities.
Sudan, once the largest state in Africa, split into two on 9 July 2011, after the people in the southern half of the country voted in favour of independence. Since 2019, the country has been undergoing a transition, after the regime of former president Omar al-Bashir was toppled following months of protests. The new transitional government includes both civilians and representatives of the army and rebel groups.