Ratna Jhaveri, a child protection expert from UNICEF, talked about UNICEF's cooperation with other UN partners, governments, non-governmental organisations and civil society for children in armed conflicts. The work is based on the UN's monitoring and reporting mechanism on grave violations against children in armed conflict, which was established in 2005 with Security Council Resolution 1612.
UN Security Council resolution 1612
From the resulting findings, the Secretary-General of the United Nations drafts an annual report on children in armed conflicts and names the groups that recruit children under the age of eighteen into their armed forces. To be removed from this list, the specified parties must agree to follow a joint action plan with the UN.
UN Secretary-General's annual report on children in armed conflicts
Ms Jhaveri stressed the importance of such reports in searching for those responsible for recruiting child soldiers and collecting evidence. At the same time she emphasised that access to current flash points such as South Sudan, Afghanistan, Syria or Nigeria posed major challenges.
In addition, the UNICEF expert presented the "Children not soldiers" campaign. This was launched in March 2014 with the aim of stopping the recruitment of child soldiers under the age of eighteen by 2016.
«Children not soldiers» (en)